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BACKGROUND Observational studies report reduced colorectal cancer in regular aspirin consumers. Randomised controlled trials have shown reduced risk of adenomas but none have employed prevention of colorectal cancer as a primary endpoint. The CAPP2 trial aimed to investigate the antineoplastic effects of aspirin and a resistant starch in carriers of Lynch(More)
BACKGROUND Although an increased cancer risk in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is established, data on the spectrum of tumors associated with the disease and the influence of germ-line STK11/LKB1 (serine/threonine kinase) mutation status are limited. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We analyzed the incidence of cancer in 419 individuals with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, and 297(More)
Lynch syndrome (LS) is characterised by the development of colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer and various other cancers, and is caused by a mutation in one of the mismatch repair genes: MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 or PMS2. In 2007, a group of European experts (the Mallorca group) published guidelines for the clinical management of LS. Since then substantial new(More)
The molecular biology section of the Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal Cancer study group-Germany, instituted a multicenter study to test the reliability and quality of microsatellite instability (MSI) analysis. Eight laboratories compared MSI analyses performed on 10 matched pairs of normal and tumor DNA from patients with colorectal carcinomas. A(More)
Mutations in DNA MMR genes, mainly MSH2 and MLH1, account for the majority of HNPCC, an autosomal dominant predisposition to colorectal cancer and other malignancies. The evaluation of many questions regarding HNPCC requires clinically and genetically well-characterized HNPCC patient cohorts of reasonable size. One main focus of this multicenter study is(More)
The clinical course of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) varies considerably between patients. Prediction of the severity of the disease is important in the interest of effective cancer prevention. We examined whether age at diagnosis of FAP due to gastrointestinal symptoms and age at death due to colorectal cancer are related to the site of mutation in(More)
The remarkable progress in characterizing the human genome sequence, exemplified by the Human Genome Project and the HapMap Consortium, has led to the perception that knowledge and the tools (e.g., microarrays) are sufficient for many if not most biomedical research efforts. A large amount of data from diverse studies proves this perception inaccurate at(More)
Aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of long-term conservative treatment with sulindac and high-dose selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) for sporadic and FAP-associated desmoid tumors. Desmoids are very rare tumors in the general population but occur frequently in FAP patients, being encountered in 23–38 %. Treatment of desmoids is still(More)
OBJECTIVE Estimates of cancer risk and the effects of surveillance in Lynch syndrome have been subject to bias, partly through reliance on retrospective studies. We sought to establish more robust estimates in patients undergoing prospective cancer surveillance. DESIGN We undertook a multicentre study of patients carrying Lynch syndrome-associated(More)
The polymorphic variants at codon 72 of the p53 gene were shown to be functionally distinct in vitro, whereby the arginine (arg) variant induces apoptosis more efficiently than the proline (pro) variant. From the evidence that the DNA mismatch repair system and p53 interact to maintain genomic integrity, we hypothesized that the codon 72 variation may(More)