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In this work, the ability of four newly synthesized oximes--K005 (1,3-bis(2-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium) propane dibromide), K027 (1-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-3-(4-carbamoylpyridinium) propane dibromide), K033 (1,4-bis(2-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium) butane dibromide) and K048 (1-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-4-(4-carbamoylpyridinium) butane(More)
Humanin (HN) and its analogues have been shown to protect cells against death induced by various Alzheimer's disease (AD) genes and amyloid-beta-peptides in vitro; the analogues [Gly(14)]-HN and colivelin have also been shown to be potent in reversing learning and memory impairment induced by scopolamine or quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) in mice or rats in(More)
Oximes in combination with atropine, are an integral part of the treatment of acute intoxications with organophosphorus insecticides or with the nerve agents such as tabun, sarin, soman, cyclosarin or VX. Organophosphorus compounds are extremely potent inhibitors of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE, 3.1.1.7). The pharmacological action of oximes is(More)
The neuroprotective effects of newly developed oximes (K027, K048) and currently available oximes (obidoxime, HI-6) in combination with atropine in rats poisoned with tabun at a sublethal dose (170 microg kg(-1) i.m.; 80% of LD(50) value) were studied. The tabun-induced neurotoxicity was monitored using a functional observational battery and an automatic(More)
The mechanism of intoxication with organophosphorus compounds, including highly toxic nerve agents, is based on the irreversible inhibition of acetylcholinesterase that is followed by an accumulation of acetylcholine at peripheral and central cholinergic synapses, which in turn leads to the clinical manifestation of various signs and symptoms summarized as(More)
The potency of the oxime HI-6 and two combinations of oximes (HI-6 + trimedoxime, HI-6 + K203) to reduce sarin-induced acute neurotoxic signs and symptoms was evaluated in this study. Sarin-induced neurotoxicity and the neuroprotective effects of atropine alone or in combination with HI-6 alone and HI-6 combined with trimedoxime or K203 in rats poisoned(More)
The toxicity of cyclohexyl methylphosphonofluoridate (GF-agent; cyclosarin) and therapeutic efficacy of four oximes (trimedoxime, methoxime, obidoxime and HI-6) in combination with atropine or benactyzine (BNZ) was studied in mice. The oxime therapy combined with anticholinergic drug was administered intramusculary (i.m.) 1 or 2 min after i.m. GF-agent(More)
In this study, the influence of antidotal treatment of tabun poisoning on cognitive function, in the case of low-level tabun exposure, was studied. The impairment of cognitive function was evaluated by the measurement of spatial learning and memory in rats poisoned with a sublethal dose of tabun and treated with atropine alone or in combination with newly(More)
The mechanism of intoxication with organophosphorus compounds, including highly toxic nerve agents, is based on the formation of irreversibly inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7) that could be followed by a generalized cholinergic crisis. Nerve agent poisoning is conventionally treated using a combination of a cholinolytic drug (atropine(More)
In our study, we have tested six acetylcholinesterase (AChE) reactivators (pralidoxime, obidoxime, HI-6, trimedoxime, BI-6 and Hlö-7) for reactivation of sarin- and cyclosarin-inhibited AChE using an in vitro reactivation test. We have used rat brain homogenate as the suitable source of enzyme. All oximes are able to reactivate sarin-inhibited AChE. On the(More)