Gabriela Kunesová

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Humanin (HN) and its analogues have been shown to protect cells against death induced by various Alzheimer's disease (AD) genes and amyloid-beta-peptides in vitro; the analogues [Gly(14)]-HN and colivelin have also been shown to be potent in reversing learning and memory impairment induced by scopolamine or quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) in mice or rats in(More)
In this work, the ability of four newly synthesized oximes--K005 (1,3-bis(2-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium) propane dibromide), K027 (1-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-3-(4-carbamoylpyridinium) propane dibromide), K033 (1,4-bis(2-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium) butane dibromide) and K048 (1-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-4-(4-carbamoylpyridinium) butane(More)
Oximes in combination with atropine, are an integral part of the treatment of acute intoxications with organophosphorus insecticides or with the nerve agents such as tabun, sarin, soman, cyclosarin or VX. Organophosphorus compounds are extremely potent inhibitors of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE, 3.1.1.7). The pharmacological action of oximes is(More)
Reactivation potency of three newly developed oximes K027, K033 and K048 was tested using standard in vitro and in vivo reactivation tests. K027 and K048 seem to be efficacious reactivators of tabun-inhibited acetylcholinesterase. K033 is sufficient reactivator of cyclosarin-inhibited AChE. However, its potency is poor compared with current "gold standard"(More)
In the past, scientists focused on the development of antidotes (mainly anticholinergics in combination with reactivators of inhibited acetylcholinesterase-oximes) to increase the number of surviving nerve agent-intoxicated individuals. Recently, they are interested in antidotes able not only to protect nerve agent-poisoned men from lethal toxic effects but(More)
In our study, we have tested six acetylcholinesterase (AChE) reactivators (pralidoxime, obidoxime, HI-6, trimedoxime, BI-6 and Hlö-7) for reactivation of sarin- and cyclosarin-inhibited AChE using an in vitro reactivation test. We have used rat brain homogenate as the suitable source of enzyme. All oximes are able to reactivate sarin-inhibited AChE. On the(More)
The neuroprotective effects of newly developed oximes (K027, K048) and currently available oximes (obidoxime, HI-6) in combination with atropine in rats poisoned with tabun at a sublethal dose (170 microg kg(-1) i.m.; 80% of LD(50) value) were studied. The tabun-induced neurotoxicity was monitored using a functional observational battery and an automatic(More)
The mechanism of intoxication with organophosphorus compounds, including highly toxic nerve agents, is based on the irreversible inhibition of acetylcholinesterase that is followed by an accumulation of acetylcholine at peripheral and central cholinergic synapses, which in turn leads to the clinical manifestation of various signs and symptoms summarized as(More)
The mechanism of intoxication with organophosphorus compounds, including highly toxic nerve agents and less toxic pesticides, is based on the formation of irreversibly inhibited acetylcholinesterase, which causes cumulation of neuromediator acetylcholine in synaptic clefts and subsequent overstimulation of cholinergic receptors, that is followed by a(More)
OBJECTIVES The alkaloid galantamine (GAL), which exhibits a combined anticholinesterase and direct parasympathomimetic mechanism of action, is employed in conjunction with therapeutic interventions in the stimulation of central cholinergic transfer in cognitive diseases. We attempted to achieve pharmacologically-induced enhancement of the(More)