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In this work, the ability of four newly synthesized oximes--K005 (1,3-bis(2-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium) propane dibromide), K027 (1-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-3-(4-carbamoylpyridinium) propane dibromide), K033 (1,4-bis(2-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium) butane dibromide) and K048 (1-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-4-(4-carbamoylpyridinium) butane(More)
Humanin (HN) and its analogues have been shown to protect cells against death induced by various Alzheimer's disease (AD) genes and amyloid-beta-peptides in vitro; the analogues [Gly(14)]-HN and colivelin have also been shown to be potent in reversing learning and memory impairment induced by scopolamine or quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) in mice or rats in(More)
Oximes in combination with atropine, are an integral part of the treatment of acute intoxications with organophosphorus insecticides or with the nerve agents such as tabun, sarin, soman, cyclosarin or VX. Organophosphorus compounds are extremely potent inhibitors of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE, The pharmacological action of oximes is(More)
The mechanism of intoxication with organophosphorus compounds, including highly toxic nerve agents, is based on the irreversible inhibition of acetylcholinesterase that is followed by an accumulation of acetylcholine at peripheral and central cholinergic synapses, which in turn leads to the clinical manifestation of various signs and symptoms summarized as(More)
OBJECTIVES The alkaloid galantamine (GAL), which exhibits a combined anticholinesterase and direct parasympathomimetic mechanism of action, is employed in conjunction with therapeutic interventions in the stimulation of central cholinergic transfer in cognitive diseases. We attempted to achieve pharmacologically-induced enhancement of the(More)
In this study, the influence of antidotal treatment of tabun poisoning on cognitive function, in the case of low-level tabun exposure, was studied. The impairment of cognitive function was evaluated by the measurement of spatial learning and memory in rats poisoned with a sublethal dose of tabun and treated with atropine alone or in combination with newly(More)
In the past, scientists focused on the development of antidotes (mainly anticholinergics in combination with reactivators of inhibited acetylcholinesterase-oximes) to increase the number of surviving nerve agent-intoxicated individuals. Recently, they are interested in antidotes able not only to protect nerve agent-poisoned men from lethal toxic effects but(More)
Humanin (HN) and HN-derivatives are a family of peptides first reported in the last decade with potent in vitro and in vivo neuroprotective activity, which is mediated through a not completely elucidated mechanism. Recently, our group has evaluated the effect of various HN-derivatives on the 3-quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB)-induced impairment of spatial(More)
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