Gabriela Krejčová

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Humanin and its analogues have been shown to protect cells against death induced by various Alzheimer's disease genes and amyloid-beta-peptides in vitro: the analogue [Gly14]-humanin has also been shown to be potent in reversing learning and memory impairment induced by scopolamine in mice in vivo. It is important to validate these results by using other(More)
Soman belongs to the most dangerous nerve agents because of the low effectiveness of the presently available antidotes. Soman acts by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) both peripherally and centrally, with a subsequent accumulation of neuromediator acetylcholine and other metabolic changes. From the data published in literature it can be concluded that(More)
1. To study the influence of pharmacological pretreatment (PANPAL or pyridostigmine combined with biperiden) and antidotal treatment (the oxime HI-6 plus atropine) on soman-induced neurotoxicity, male albino rats were poisoned with a lethal dose of soman (54 (g/kg i.m.; 100% of LD50 value) and observed at 24 hours and 7 days following soman challenge. The(More)
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is the major immunosuppressive drug used for organ and neural transplantation and the therapy of selected autoimmune diseases. We investigated the effect of CsA on the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the frontal cortex, hippocampus, septum, and basal ganglia. AChE was determined spectrophotometrically with acetylthiocholine(More)
To study the influence of pharmacological pretreatment (PANPAL) and antidotal treatment (obidoxime plus atropine) on tabun-induced neurotoxicity, male albino rats were poisoned with a lethal dose of tabun (280 microg/kg i.m.; 100% of LD(50) value) and observed at 24 h and 7 days following tabun challenge. The neurotoxicity of tabun was evaluated using a(More)
1. To study the influence of antidotes on low-level sarin-induced impairment of cognitive functions, the rats were exposed to three various low concentrations of sarin (LEVEL 1-3) for 60 minutes in the inhalation chamber. In addition, one group of rats was exposed to LEVEL 2 of sarin repeatedly. 2. Testing of cognitive functions was carried out using the(More)
The aim of this work is a comparison of single and repeated peroral administration of cyclosporine (CsA) and the interaction of repeated administration of CsA and 7-methoxytacrine (MEOTA) on the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the frontal cortex, hippocampus, septum, and basal ganglia in rats. Both single and repeated administration of CsA(More)
1. To study the influence of antidotes on low-level sarin-induced alteration of cognitive functions, male albino Wistar rats were exposed to three various low concentrations of sarin for 60 minutes in the inhalation chamber. One minute following sarin exposure, the rats were i.m. treated with the oxime HI-6 in combination with atropine. Control rats were(More)
Long-term effects of low doses of highly toxic organophosphorus agent sarin on various hematological and biochemical markers and physiological functions were studied in rats exposed to sarin by inhalation. The results indicate that low-level sarin-exposed rats show long-term increase in studied markers of stress and decrease in synthesis of DNA de novo(More)
1. To study the influence of antidotes on tabun-induced neurotoxicity, the rats were injected intramuscularly with organophosphate tabun (LD50). The efficacy of choice antidotal treatment consisting of acetylcholinesterase reactivator obidoxime and one of four anticholinergic drugs (atropine, benactyzine, biperiden, scopolamine) was compared. 2. Testing of(More)