Gabriela Kovacikova

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Quorum sensing negatively influences virulence gene expression in certain toxigenic Vibrio cholerae strains. At high cell densities, the response regulator LuxO fails to reduce the expression of HapR, which, in turn, represses the expression of the virulence cascade. A critical regulatory step in the cascade is activation of tcpPH expression by AphA and(More)
AphA is a quorum sensing-regulated activator that initiates the virulence cascade in Vibrio cholerae by cooperating with the LysR-type regulator AphB at the tcpPH promoter on the Vibrio pathogenicity island (VPI). To identify the ancestral chromosomal genes in V. cholerae regulated by AphA, we carried out a microarray analysis and show here that AphA(More)
Virulence gene expression in certain strains of Vibrio cholerae is regulated in response to cell density by a quorum-sensing cascade that influences the levels of the LuxR homolog HapR through small regulatory RNAs that control the stability of its message. At high cell density, HapR represses the expression of the gene encoding the virulence gene activator(More)
The alternative sigma factor sigma(E) (RpoE) is involved in the response to extracytoplasmic stress and plays a role in the virulence of a variety of different bacteria. To assess the role of sigma(E) in Vibrio cholerae pathogenesis, a DeltarpoE mutant was constructed and analyzed using the infant mouse model. The results here show that sigma(E) contributes(More)
Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1, the causative agent of the diarrheal disease cholera, is divided into two biotypes: classical and El Tor. Both biotypes produce the major virulence factors toxin-coregulated pilus (TCP) and cholera toxin (CT). Although possessing genotypic and phenotypic differences, El Tor biotype strains displaying classical biotype traits(More)
Activation of the tcpPH promoter on the Vibrio pathogenicity island by AphA and AphB initiates the Vibrio cholerae virulence cascade and is regulated by quorum sensing through the repressive action of HapR on aphA expression. To further understand how the chromosomally encoded AphA protein activates tcpPH expression, site-directed mutagenesis was used to(More)
AphA is required for expression of the Vibrio cholerae virulence cascade and for its regulation by quorum sensing. In order to activate transcription, AphA functions together with a second protein, the LysR-type regulator AphB, at the tcpPH promoter. As AphA is a member of a new and largely uncharacterized regulator family, random mutagenesis was used to(More)
Virulence gene expression in Vibrio cholerae is dependent upon a complex transcriptional cascade that is influenced by both specific and global regulators in response to environmental stimuli. Here, we report that the global regulator integration host factor (IHF) positively affects virulence gene expression in V. cholerae. Inactivation of ihfA and ihfB,(More)
AphB is a LysR-type activator that initiates the expression of the virulence cascade in Vibrio cholerae by cooperating with the quorum-sensing-regulated activator AphA at the tcpPH promoter on the Vibrio pathogenicity island (VPI). To identify the ancestral chromosomal genes in V. cholerae regulated by AphB, we carried out a microarray analysis and show(More)
The expression of the Vibrio cholerae virulence factors, toxin-co-regulated pilus (TCP) and cholera toxin (CT), are dependent on the ability of the LysR regulator AphB to co-operate with a second protein, AphA, to activate the expression of the membrane-bound transcription factors TcpP and TcpH. To gain insights into the mechanism by which AphA and AphB(More)