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Although skeletal pain is a leading cause of chronic pain and disability, relatively little is known about the specific populations of nerve fibers that innervate the skeleton. Recent studies have reported that therapies blocking nerve growth factor (NGF) or its cognate receptor, tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA) are efficacious in attenuating skeletal(More)
UNLABELLED Breast cancer metastasis to bone is frequently accompanied by pain. What remains unclear is why this pain tends to become more severe and difficult to control with disease progression. Here we test the hypothesis that with disease progression, sensory nerve fibers that innervate the breast cancer bearing bone undergo a pathological sprouting and(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate fosinopril-induced changes in hemodynamic parameters and tactile allodynia in a rat model of diabetes. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (STZ; 50 mg/kg, i.p.) in male Wistar rats. STZ produced hyperglycemia, weight loss, polydipsia, polyphagia, and polyuria as well as long-term arterial hypotension, bradycardia,(More)
Early, preemptive blockade of nerve growth factor (NGF)/tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA) attenuates tumor-induced nerve sprouting and bone cancer pain. A critical unanswered question is whether late blockade of NGF/TrkA can attenuate cancer pain once NGF-induced nerve sprouting and neuroma formation has occurred. By means of a mouse model of prostate(More)
Several studies have shown that blockade of colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) or its receptor (CSF-1R) inhibits disease progression in rodent models of rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, the role of the CSF-1/CSF-1R pathway in RA-induced pain and functional deficits has not been studied. Thus, we examined the effect of chronic intra-articular(More)
OBJECTIVE Many forms of arthritis are accompanied by significant chronic joint pain. This study was undertaken to investigate whether there is significant sprouting of sensory and sympathetic nerve fibers in the painful arthritic knee joint and whether nerve growth factor (NGF) drives this pathologic reorganization. METHODS A painful arthritic knee joint(More)
The present study assessed the possible pronociceptive role of peripheral and spinal 5-HT(6) receptors in the formalin test. For this, local peripheral administration of selective 5-HT(6) receptor antagonists N-[3,5-dichloro-2-(methoxy)phenyl]-4-(methoxy)-3-(1-piperazinyl)-benzenesulphonamide (SB-399885) (0.01-1 nmol/paw) and(More)
The present work was undertaken to determine safety parameters of selected Mexican medicinal plants chosen on the basis of their frequency of medicinal use and commercial importance. The medicinal herbs included Amphipteryngium adstringens, Hintonia standleyana, Hintonia latiflora, Piper sanctum, Haemathoxylon brasiletto, Iostephane heterophylla, Valeriana(More)
The role of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(4), 5-HT(6), and 5-HT(7) receptors in formalin-induced secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia in rats was assessed. Formalin produced acute nociceptive behaviors (flinching and licking/lifting) followed by long-term secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia. Pretreatment (-10min) with cromoglycate(More)
This study assessed the role of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) in the formalin-induced nociception as well as the expression of the NHE isoform 1 (NHE1) in the rat spinal cord by using immunohistochemistry. Rats received a 50μl injection of diluted formalin (0.5%). Nociceptive behavior was quantified as the number of flinches of the injected paw.(More)