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Thyroid hormones regulate cholesterol and lipoprotein metabolism, whereas thyroid disorders, including overt and subclinical hypothyroidism, considerably alter lipid profile and promote cardiovascular disease. Good evidence shows that high thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is associated with a nonfavorable lipid profile, although TSH has no cutoff threshold(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies have been used to identify sites harboring tumor suppressor genes involved in tumor initiation or progression. Previous reports have suggested that regions within chromosomes 3p, 11q, 2p, 2q, 10q, and 1p may be frequently deleted in human follicular thyroid cell tumors. We have extended the analysis of these and other(More)
Evidence for a relationship between T4 and T3 and glucose metabolism appeared over 100 years ago when the influence of thyroid hormone excess in the deterioration of glucose metabolism was first noticed. Since then, it has been known that hyperthyroidism is associated with insulin resistance. More recently, hypothyroidism has also been linked to decreased(More)
Hypothyroidism is associated with intrinsic myocardial changes reflected by alterations in contractility and relaxation. Diastolic function, however, rather than systolic cardiac function, seems to be mostly impaired by thyroid hormone deprivation. Our aim was to evaluate diastolic function at rest and during maximal exercise by means of radionuclide(More)
Thyroid hormone (T3 and T4) has many beneficial effects including enhancing cardiac function, promoting weight loss and reducing serum cholesterol. Excess thyroid hormone is, however, associated with unwanted effects on the heart, bone and skeletal muscle. We therefore need analogs that harness the beneficial effects of thyroid hormone without the untoward(More)
With the aim of understanding the variations of the levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) in thyroid dysfunction, we studied the influence of factors that also modify SHBG, such as menopausal status, age, and body mass index (BMI) in women with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, both overt and subclinical. Statistical analysis was performed by(More)
UNLABELLED Subclinical hypothyroidism (sH) has been associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease even in the absence of hypercholesterolemia. OBJECTIVE Our study was designed to assess the hypothesis that other pro-atherogenic parameters, such as qualitative lipoprotein changes and insulin resistance, might be present in sH. DESIGN AND METHODS(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypothyroidism has long been known for its effects on different organ systems, leading to hypometabolism. However, subclinical hypothyroidism, its most prevalent form, has been recently related to cardiovascular risk and also to maternal-fetal complications in pregnant women. OBJECTIVES In these clinical practice guidelines, several aspects(More)
BACKGROUND Although overt thyrotoxicosis is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity (IS), the effects of subclinical thyrotoxicosis (SCTox) (i.e., suppressed serum thyroid-stimulating hormone with free thyroxine and tri-iodothyronine within the reference range) on glucose metabolism are not clear. SCTox may be of endogenous origin or due to ingestion of(More)