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Newly generated actin free barbed ends at the front of motile cells provide sites for actin filament assembly driving membrane protrusion. Growth factors induce a rapid biphasic increase in actin free barbed ends, and we found both phases absent in fibroblasts lacking H(+) efflux by the Na-H exchanger NHE1. The first phase is restored by expression of(More)
Actin filament binding by the focal adhesion (FA)-associated protein talin stabilizes cell-substrate adhesions and is thought to be rate-limiting in cell migration. Although F-actin binding by talin is known to be pH-sensitive in vitro, with lower affinity at higher pH, the functional significance of this pH dependence is unknown. Because increased(More)
We describe herein a computationally intensive project aimed at carrying out molecular dynamics (MD) simulations including water and counterions on B-DNA oligomers containing all 136 unique tetranucleotide base sequences. This initiative was undertaken by an international collaborative effort involving nine research groups, the "Ascona B-DNA Consortium"(More)
Recent studies of DNA axis curvature and flexibility based on molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on DNA are reviewed. The MD simulations are on DNA sequences up to 25 base pairs in length, including explicit consideration of counterions and waters in the computational model. MD studies are described for ApA steps, A-tracts, for sequences of A-tracts with(More)
A virtual screening protocol has been applied to seek non-nucleoside inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (NNRTIs) and its K103N mutant. First, a chemical similarity search on the Maybridge library was performed using known NNRTIs as reference structures. The top-ranked molecules obtained from this procedure plus 26 known NNRTIs were then docked into(More)
In recent years, the first generation of β-secretase (BACE1) inhibitors advanced into clinical development for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the alignment of drug-like properties and selectivity remains a major challenge. Herein, we describe the discovery of a novel class of potent, low clearance, CNS penetrant BACE1 inhibitors(More)
To understand the mechanisms of Na(+)/Li(+) permeation at submicromolar Ca(2+) concentrations, Na(+)/Li(+) blocking at higher Ca(2+) concentrations (10(-6)-10(-4) M) and Ca(2+) permeation at millimolar Ca(2+) concentrations, we used our recently described L-type calcium channel model. For this purpose, we obtained potential of mean force (pmf) curves for(More)
This work provides a detailed morphological description by optic and scanning electron microscopy of the nematode Spirura dentara (Mŏnnig, 1938), a parasite of Herpestes ichneumon in southern and central Spain, together with an analyses of the morphometric variations within this population. Our findings in adult specimens include some important characters(More)
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