Gabriel Vainstein

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To identify the presence of vestibulo-ocular arreflexia in patients with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), which can easily be diagnosed at the bedside. METHODS Seven patients with MJD from five unrelated families and 11 patients with sporadic or hereditary cerebellar ataxia other than MJD underwent a detailed neuro-otological and oculomotor(More)
Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common motor symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD), which presents itself as an inability to initiate or continue gait. This paper presents a method to monitor FOG episodes based only on acceleration measurements obtained from a waist-worn device. Three approximations of this method are tested. Initially, FOG is directly detected(More)
There is only scant information on sleep characteristics and long-term follow-up in patients with Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS). This study describes the clinical course, results of polysomnography and long-term follow-up in a relatively large group of patients with KLS. During the years 1982-97, we encountered 34 patients (26 males and eight females) with(More)
The "man-in-the-barrel" syndrome is a descriptive term that was used in the past for patients with complete flaccid paralysis of the upper extremities caused by symmetric "watershed" brain infarction after cardiovascular arrest or cardiac surgery. However, it is now evident that this syndrome can occur in acute and chronic diseases of the upper and lower(More)
During the years 1982-1998, we encountered 7 adolescents and one young woman suffering from KLS. In 4 patients, hypersomnolence was accompanied by hyperphagia and hypersexuality, while in the remaining 4, recurrent hypersomnia was the only symptom. Mean age at onset of hypersomnolent attacks was 15.1+/-3.5 yrs. The mean duration of a hypersomnolent attack(More)
Among Parkinson's disease (PD) symptoms, freezing of gait (FoG) is one of the most debilitating. To assess FoG, current clinical practice mostly employs repeated evaluations over weeks and months based on questionnaires, which may not accurately map the severity of this symptom. The use of a non-invasive system to monitor the activities of daily living(More)
During July-August 1998, we encountered 4 patients who suffered from syringomyelia. The diagnosis in each case could not be reached on clinical grounds only, since the characteristic thermoanalgesia dissociation was absent in all patients. In each case the spinal MRI showed the typical intraspinal cystic lesion, which finally established the diagnosis and(More)
BACKGROUND Our group earlier developed a small monitoring device, which uses accelerometer measurements to accurately detect motor fluctuations in patients with Parkinson's (On and Off state) based on an algorithm that characterizes gait through the frequency content of strides. To further validate the algorithm, we studied the correlation of its outputs(More)
Aim. To ex plore the epileptogenic po ten tial of a newly in tro duced po lice car flash light de vice (930 Heliobe Lightbar). Methods. A 930 Heliobe Lightbar was in stalled in the EEG lab o ra tory. Thirty pa tients with known ep i lepsy, 30 oth er wise healthy sub jects with chronic head ache, and 15 healthy vol un teers were ex am ined. All the sub jects(More)