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The sparse-matrix-flat-surface iterative approach has been implemented for perfectly conducting surfaces and modified to enhance convergence stability and speed for very rough surfaces. Monte Carlo simulations of backscattering enhancement using a beam decomposition technique are compared with millimeter-wave laboratory experimental data. Strong but finite(More)
—An approximate time-harmonic three-dimensional electromagnetic boundary-integral method, the small-slope integral equation, is combined with a series expansion of the Creamer surface representation at second order with respect to the height, denoted by Creamer (2). The resulting model provides at low numerical cost simulations of the nonlinear ocean(More)
—This paper extends the results of a previous work by combining hydrodynamic and electromagnetic analytical models for the simulation of the ocean Doppler spectrum at microwave frequencies. We consider weakly nonlinear sea surfaces after the choppy wave model and incorporate them in classical and unified scattering models, namely, the Kirchhoff and weighted(More)
—We present a boundary integral method for the numerical solution of the rigorous problem of wave scattering from rough surfaces under grazing illumination. The model of a locally perturbated plane is adopted: a finite patch of rough surface has its roughness flattened at the edges. The boundary formulation un-knowns are the tangential components of the(More)
This work is the first in a series of two papers on the use of combined improved hydrodynamic and electromagnetic analytical models for the simulation of the ocean Doppler spectrum at microwave frequencies. Under a linear assumption for the sea surface we derive statistical expression for the main Doppler characteristics according to asymptotic scattering(More)
We show experimentally that a resolution far beyond that of conventional far-field optical profilometers can be reached with optical diffraction tomography. This result is obtained in the presence of multiple scattering when using an adapted inverse scattering algorithm for profile reconstruction. This new profilometry technique, whose resolution can be(More)
A new analogy between optical propagation and heat diffusion in heterogeneous anisotropic media has been proposed recently by three of the present authors. A detailed derivation of this unconventional correspondence is presented and developed. In time harmonic regime, all thermal parameters are related to optical ones in artificial metallic media, thus(More)
The polarization of a coherent depolarized incident light beam passing through a scattering medium is investigated at the speckle scale. The polarization of the scattered far field at each direction and the probability density function of the degree of polarization are calculated and show an excellent agreement with experimental data. It is demonstrated(More)