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Certain bacteria present on frog skin can prevent infection by the pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), conferring disease resistance. Previous studies have used agar-based in vitro challenge assays to screen bacteria for Bd-inhibitory activity and to identify candidates for bacterial supplementation trials. However, agar-based assays can(More)
Surprisingly little is known of the toxic arsenal of cnidarian nematocysts compared to other venomous animals. Here we investigate the toxins of nematocysts isolated from the jellyfish Olindias sambaquiensis. A total of 29 unique ms/ms events were annotated as potential toxins homologous to the toxic proteins from diverse animal phyla, including(More)
The effects of u.v. light and of several chemical agents on spores of the tetracycline producer Streptomyces aureofaciens MT1 were studied using survival curves and induction of histidine prototrophic revertants (his (+)). Spores were highly resistant to u.v.; NTG induced most his (+) revertants. 4-Nitroquinoline-1-oxide and methyl methanesulphonate also(More)
The chemical ecology and biotechnological potential of metabolites from endophytic and rhizosphere fungi are receiving much attention. A collection of 17 sugarcane-derived fungi were identified and assessed by PCR for the presence of polyketide synthase (PKS) genes. The fungi were all various genera of ascomycetes, the genomes of which encoded 36 putative(More)
Streptomyces species have a linear chromosome of approximately 8 Mb in size. Many strains also carry linear plasmids. Most of these linear elements contain terminal proteins covalently bound to the 5' ends of the DNA. Using a method for the visualisation of terminal DNA fragments in agarose gels, it was possible to see three fragments in S. rimosus and five(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a bioprocess for the production of β-glucosidase and pectinase from the fungus Annulohypoxylon stygium DR47. Media optimization and bioreactor cultivation using citrus bagasse and soybean bran were explored and revealed a maximum production of 6.26 U/mL of pectinase at pH 4.0 and 10.13 U/mL of β-glucosidase at pH 5.0. In(More)
BACKGROUND There is an imperative necessity for alternative sources of energy able to reduce the world dependence of fossil oil. One of the most successful options is ethanol obtained mainly from sugarcane and corn fermentation. The foremost residue from sugarcane industry is the bagasse, a rich lignocellulosic raw material uses for the production of(More)
Oligopeptide-binding protein (OppA) is the periplasmic component of the major oligopeptide transport system of enteric bacteria. Genetic and biochemical evidence suggests that OppA plays a role in the uptake of aminoglycoside antibiotics in Escherichia coli K-12. Forty-six (82%) of 56 aminoglycoside-resistant mutants of E. coli K-12 selected in vitro had(More)