Gabriel P. Howles

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Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) has been implicated as playing a key role in the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy. This study investigates the response of several signal transduction proteins responsible for PKC activation during the transition from compensated pressure-overload hypertrophy (POH) to congestive heart failure (CHF). Pressure overload(More)
The use of contrast agents for neuroimaging is limited by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which restricts entry into the brain. To administer imaging agents to the brain of rats, intracarotid infusions of hypertonic mannitol have been used to open the BBB. However, this technically challenging approach is invasive, opens only a limited region of the BBB, and(More)
Though mice are the dominant model system for studying the genetic and molecular underpinnings of neuroscience, functional neuroimaging in mice remains technically challenging. One approach, Activation-Induced Manganese-enhanced MRI (AIM MRI), has been used successfully to map neuronal activity in rodents. In AIM MRI, manganese(2+) acts a calcium analog and(More)
High-resolution magnetic resonance angiography is already a useful tool for studying mouse models of human disease. Magnetic resonance angiography in the mouse is typically performed using time-of-flight contrast. In this work, a new long-circulating blood-pool contrast agent-a liposomal nanoparticle with surface-conjugated gadolinium (SC-Gd liposomes)-was(More)
The lung is composed of a series of branching conducting airways that terminate in grape-like clusters of delicate gas-exchanging airspaces called pulmonary alveoli. Maintenance of alveolar patency at end expiration requires pulmonary surfactant, a mixture of phospholipids and proteins that coats the epithelial surface and reduces surface tension. The(More)
To identify novel genes regulating the biologic response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we used a combination of quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis and microarray-based gene expression studies of C57BL/6J x DBA/2J(BXD) F2 and recombinant inbred (RI) mice. A QTL affecting pulmonary TNF-alpha production was identified on chromosome 2, and a region(More)
The objective of this work was to determine whether diagnostic ultrasound and contrast agent could be used to transcranially and nondestructively disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mice under ultrasound image guidance and to quantify that disruption using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent. Each mouse was(More)
PURPOSE To develop a process for rapidly and inexpensively producing customized animal handling devices for small animal imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS To meet the specific needs of a particular imaging experiment, measurements are taken from imaging data and the animal handling devices are designed using 3D computer-aided design (CAD) software. Parts are(More)
Although mice are the dominant model system for studying the genetic and molecular underpinnings of neuroscience, functional neuroimaging in mice remains technically challenging. One approach, Activation-Induced Manganese-enhanced MRI (AIM MRI), has been used successfully to map neuronal activity in rodents. In AIM MRI, Mn(2+) acts a calcium analog and(More)
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