Gabriel O. James

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Neuroimaging and post-mortem studies indicate that chronic alcohol use induces global changes in brain morphology, such as cortical and subcortical atrophy. Recent studies have shown that frontal lobe structures are specifically susceptible to alcohol-related brain damage and shrinkage in this area is largely due to a loss of white matter. This may explain(More)
It is widely accepted that the chronic use of alcohol induces metabolic abnormalities and neuronal damage in the brain, which can lead to cognitive dysfunction. Neuroimaging studies reveal that alcohol-induced brain damage is region specific and prominent damage has been observed in both gray and white matter of the prefrontal cortex, and a wide range of(More)
Trace conditioning of the nictitating membrane response (NMR) was examined in rabbits with lesions of the dorsal hippocampus and fimbria-fornix. Using a white noise conditional stimulus and an electrical shock unconditional stimulus, the number and amplitude of conditional responses (CRs) was similar in hippocampus-lesioned and control subjects. At some(More)
We studied the effects of unilateral frontal eye-field (FEF) lesions on eye-head coordination in monkeys that were trained to perform a visual search task. Eye and head movements were recorded with the scleral search coil technique using phase angle detection in a homogeneous electromagnetic field. In the visual search task all three animals showed a(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore further the hypothesis that changes in cognitive function may occur in the mild stages of multiple sclerosis (MS) by determining whether ventricular enlargement was related to cognitive function. Ten measures of ventricular size were made in a sample of 123 MS patients with mild disability and 60 well-matched healthy(More)
Interest in the production of carbon commodities from photosynthetically fixed CO2 has focused attention on cyanobacteria as a target for metabolic engineering and pathway investigation. We investigated the redirection of carbon flux in the model cyanobacterial species, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, under nitrogen deprivation, for optimized production(More)
Patterns of regional cerebral glucose metabolism were examined in a group of patients with schizophrenia (n = 17) and normal controls (n = 16) to determine if different metabolic profiles were present. For the patients with schizophrenia, two profiles were found. The first was characterized by a normal "shape" but overall reductions in cerebral metabolism.(More)
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