Gabriel Melo de Oliveira

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OBJECTIVES Aromatic diamidines have been successfully used to combat a wide range of parasites that cause important human infections. One such compound is furamidine (DB75) and we recently reported that one of its analogues, an N-phenyl analogue (DB569), exhibits higher trypanocidal dose and time-dependent effects against different forms of Trypanosoma(More)
CD8+ T lymphocytes are considered an important cell population involved in the control of parasitaemia and mortality after Trypanosoma cruzi infection. However, despite recent developments in this field, the mechanism whereby this control is exerted is still not completely understood. Here we have used perforin knockout (-/-) mice infected with Y strain T.(More)
Experimental acute infection with Trypanosoma cruzi in mice promotes an intense myocarditis and other systemic changes. However, the network of pathophysiological disorders and renal injury caused by the infection has not been elucidated. Our previous results with a murine model observed a discrete acute myocarditis and high mortality with significant(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi infection induces diverse alterations in immunocompetent cells and organs, myocarditis and congestive heart failure. However, the physiological network of disturbances imposed by the infection has not been addressed thoroughly. Regarding myocarditis induced by the infection, we observed in our previous work that Fas-L-/- mice (gld/gld)(More)
Chagas disease (CD), caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, affects approximately eight million individuals in Latin America and is emerging in nonendemic areas due to the globalisation of immigration and nonvectorial transmission routes. Although CD represents an important public health problem, resulting in high morbidity and considerable mortality rates, few(More)
Chagasic patients with cardiomyopathy have low levels of selenium (Se), a fundamental trace element. We evaluated the effect of supplementing infected mice with Se (0.25–16 ppm). Supplementation with 0.25 or 1 ppm Se led to parasitaemia and survival curves similar to those of the control group. Mice treated with 4–16 ppm showed a dose-dependent decrease of(More)
Chagas disease, which is caused by the intracellular parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is a neglected illness with 12-14 million reported cases in endemic geographic regions of Latin America. While the disease still represents an important public health problem in these affected areas, the available therapy, which was introduced more than four decades ago, is far(More)
Aromatic diamidines have been successfully used to combat a wide range of parasites that cause important human infections. Recently we reported that a N-phenyl-substituted analogue of furamidine (DB569) exerts a micromolar trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi in vitro. Since DB569 also reduces the cardiac parasitism and increases the survival(More)
Cardiac damage is a frequent manifestation of Chagas disease, which is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient, the deficiency of which has been implicated in the development of cardiomyopathy. Our group has previously demonstrated that Se supplementation prevents myocardial damage during acute T. cruzi(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi infection has a large public health impact in Latin American countries. Although the transmission rates via blood transfusions and insect vectors have declined sharply in the past 20 years due to policies of the Southern Cone countries, a large number of people are still at risk for infection. Currently, no accepted experimental model or(More)