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OBJECTIVES Both kidney expression and soluble serum Klotho are influenced by chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes. Serum Klotho is a yet poorly explored biomarker. We describe, for the first time to our knowledge, serum Klotho in diabetic patients with CKD and its relationship to vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A). DESIGN AND METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVES Metformin, the most used oral antidiabetic drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetus mellitus, has proved encouraging results when used in the treatment of various types of cancer such as triple-negative breast cancer. Despite compelling evidence of a role of metformin as an anticancer drug, the mechanisms by which metformin exerts its oncostatic(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing cytokine, has been shown to reduce proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis in experimental models. We assessed the relationship of plasma adiponectin to the progression of kidney disease in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. METHODS T2D nonnephrotic patients with glomerular filtration rate (GFR)(More)
The performance of percutaneous echoguided biopsy in hepatic tumor diagnosis is limited by several factors, among which tumor characteristics such as tumor type, size and location play an important role. With all the advantages offered by ultrasound guidance, the overall sensitivity of this method in the tumor diagnosis has remained around 90%. Contrast(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The aim of the current study was to evaluate in vitro the anti-tumor efficacy of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) conjugated with conventional chemotherapy drugs for the treatment of liver cancer. This approach based on gold proposes a novel platform therapy with minimal toxicity and increased efficacy profiles for the destruction of hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Major burdens in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are the high percentage of recurrence and resistance to chemotherapy. Hepatic cancer stem cells provide a reservoir of cells that can self-renew, maintain the tumor by generating differentiated non-stem cells which make up the bulk of the tumor and are responsible for(More)
Bone metastases are a very common problem in prostate cancer. They are associated with considerable morbidity, adversely affect quality of life and frequently lead to advanced bone events (so-called skeletal-related events, SREs); SREs include fractures, spinal cord compression and the requirement for bone surgery or bone radiation. The aim of this paper(More)
PURPOSE The 276G>T polymorphism of the adiponectin (ADIPOQ) gene has been correlated with plasma adiponectin, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its complications. Studies of the role of 276G>T polymorphism in the prevalence of T2D kidney disease are few and contradictory; ethnic differences might play a role. We aimed to assess the relationship of this polymorphism(More)
PURPOSE Glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs), responsible for the dismal disease prognosis after conventional treatments, are driven by overactive signaling pathways, such as PI3K/ AKT/mTOR and RAS/RAF/MAPK. The objective of our study was to target in vitro-GSCs by combining metformin (Met) as a mTOR inhibitor, with sorafenib (Soraf) as a RAF inhibitor. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ovarian cancers are composed of heterogeneous cell populations, including highly proliferative immature precursors and differentiated cells that may belong to different lineages. The main reason why epithelial ovarian cancer is difficult to treat is the unusual mechanism of dissemination that involves local invasion of pelvic and(More)