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OBJECTIVES Both kidney expression and soluble serum Klotho are influenced by chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes. Serum Klotho is a yet poorly explored biomarker. We describe, for the first time to our knowledge, serum Klotho in diabetic patients with CKD and its relationship to vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A). DESIGN AND METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVES Metformin, the most used oral antidiabetic drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetus mellitus, has proved encouraging results when used in the treatment of various types of cancer such as triple-negative breast cancer. Despite compelling evidence of a role of metformin as an anticancer drug, the mechanisms by which metformin exerts its oncostatic(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing cytokine, has been shown to reduce proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis in experimental models. We assessed the relationship of plasma adiponectin to the progression of kidney disease in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. METHODS T2D nonnephrotic patients with glomerular filtration rate (GFR)(More)
The performance of percutaneous echoguided biopsy in hepatic tumor diagnosis is limited by several factors, among which tumor characteristics such as tumor type, size and location play an important role. With all the advantages offered by ultrasound guidance, the overall sensitivity of this method in the tumor diagnosis has remained around 90%. Contrast(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The aim of the current study was to evaluate in vitro the anti-tumor efficacy of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) conjugated with conventional chemotherapy drugs for the treatment of liver cancer. This approach based on gold proposes a novel platform therapy with minimal toxicity and increased efficacy profiles for the destruction of hepatic(More)
Experimental studies have shown that adiponectin has antiproteinuric and nephroprotective effects. The purpose of the study was to assess the value of plasma adiponectin as a predictor of proteinuria in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. In this one-year prospective follow-up study, we included T2D patients with positive visual test for microalbuminuria(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Major burdens in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are the high percentage of recurrence and resistance to chemotherapy. Hepatic cancer stem cells provide a reservoir of cells that can self-renew, maintain the tumor by generating differentiated non-stem cells which make up the bulk of the tumor and are responsible for(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The failure of existing treatments for liver cancer has recently been attributed to the existence of cancer stem cells, which are difficult to kill using current drugs due to their chemoresistant properties as well as their ability to stimulate neoangiogenesis. The aim of the current study was to evaluate in vitro the antitumor(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial cell-selective adhesion molecule (ESAM) contributes to the integrity of tight junctions and modulates endothelial function. ESAM has been linked to experimental diabetic nephropathy; its soluble fraction is related to atherosclerosis in humans. In this cross-sectional observational study, we describe for the first time serum ESAM in(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the benefit of starting early chemotherapy with docetaxel (the recommended first-line treatment) for patients with asymptomatic metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Data were analysed from 145 patients with HRPC treated with chemotherapy between February 2000 and June 2002 in one French centre.(More)