Gabriel Horn

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There is strong converging evidence that the intermediate and medial part of the hyperstriatum ventrale of the chick brain is a memory store for information acquired through the learning process of imprinting. Neurons in this memory system come, through imprinting, to respond selectively to the imprinting stimulus (IS) neurons and so possess the properties(More)
The effects of placing bilateral lesions in that part of the chick brain (IMHV) which was previously been implicated in imprinting, was studied in young domestic chicks. Twenty-four dark-reared chicks were matched in pairs on the basis of their approach activity during a 30 min period of exposure to one of two visual imprinting stimuli. Both members of the(More)
In two experiments an imprinting procedure was used to familiarize chicks with two stimuli, A and B, that subsequently served as the discriminanda in a simultaneous discrimination. On the first day of each experiment, subjects either received presentations of A and B that were intermixed within a session (mixed exposure) or presentations of A in one session(More)
The intermediate and medial part of the hyperstriatum ventrale (IMHV) is a part of the chick forebrain that is critical for the learning process of imprinting and may be a site of information storage. Chicks were either trained on an imprinting stimulus or dark-reared. Trained chicks were classified as good or poor learners by their preference score (a(More)
The intermediate and medial hyperstriatum ventrale (IMHV) of the chick brain is known to be essential for the learning process of imprinting. The activity of neurons was recorded from the left IMHV of 2-day-old unanaesthetized chicks while the chicks were free to move in a running wheel. The chicks were either raised in complete darkness or visually trained(More)
The effect of imprinting, an early form of exposure learning, on the phosphorylation state of the protein kinase C substrates myristoylated alanine-rich C-kinase substrate (MARCKS) and protein F1/43-kDa growth-associated protein (F1/GAP-43) was studied in two regions of the chick forebrain. One region, the intermediate and medial part of the hyperstriatum(More)
To understand the neural bases of memory it is necessary to localize the regions storing information. Part of the hyperstriatum ventrale (IMHV) serves such a function for the learning process of imprinting in domestic chicks. Chicks exposed to an object learn its characteristics, and in doing so, the responsiveness of IMHV neurones to that object is(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether bilateral lesions to a part of the hyperstriatum ventrale (IMHV) impair retention if they are placed after chicks have been imprinted. Domestic chicks were hatched and reared in darkness and exposed to an imprinting (training) stimulus for 2 h commencing ≃ 22 h post hatch. The chicks were then(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that sleep is important for memory consolidation, but the underlying neuronal changes are not well understood. We studied the effect of sleep modulation on memory and on neuronal activity in a memory system of the domestic chick brain after the learning process of imprinting. Neurons in this system become, through imprinting,(More)
An extensive series of experiments has implicated a restricted region of the chick forebrain in the learning process of imprinting. The region is the intermediate and medial part of the hyperstriatum ventrale (IMHV). Previous studies have shown that training is associated with an increase in the area of the postsynaptic density of axospinous synapses in the(More)