Gabriel H. Rua

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Somatic chromosome numbers were determined for 20 new germplasm accessions of Paspalum, belonging to 17 species collected in Brazil. Chromosome number is reported for the first time for P. reduncum (2n = 18), P. cinerascens (2n = 20), P. cordatum (2n = 20), P. filgueirasii (2n = 24), P. ammodes (2n = 36), P. bicilium (2n = 40), P. heterotrichon (2n = 40),(More)
With about 350 species, Paspalum is one of the richest genera within the Poaceae. Its species inhabit ecologically diverse areas along the Americas and they are largely responsible for the biodiversity of grassland ecosystems in South America. Despite its size and relevance, no phylogeny of the genus as a whole is currently available and infrageneric(More)
Somatic chromosome numbers of 131 accessions belonging to 55 Paspalum species from subtropical South America have been determined. All species had x = 10 as a basic chromosome number, except P. almum which had x = 6. Six ploidy levels were found among species with tetraploidy as the most frequent condition. New diploid and octoploid counts were reported.(More)
The present work intends to clarify the phylogenetic relationships among the species of Paspalum L. belonging to the informal groups Notata/Linearia and Dilatata, and to raise some preliminary hypotheses on the phylogeny of the genus as a whole. A combined dataset including morphological and molecular characters was used to analyze 28 species of Paspalum(More)
The inflorescences ofPaspalum are composed of a main axis and 1 to more than 100 raceme-like lateral branches arranged along it. Each branch bears two rows of homogeneous subunits composed either of one or two consecutive-ordered axes, each one ending with a spikelet. In terms ofTroll's descriptive and typological system, such lateral branches were regarded(More)
An evolutionary pathway leading to acrotonous, 2-flowered spikelets of Panicoideae has been suggested elsewhere, which involves apical reduction of many-flowered mesotonic spikelets. Current phylogenies of the grass family show a sister relationship between Panicoideae and Centothecoideae. A survey of spikelet structures occurring among centothecoid grasses(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Inflorescence forms of panicoid grasses (Panicoideae s.s.) are remarkably diverse and they look very labile to human eyes; however, when performing a close inspection one can identify just a small subset of inflorescence types among a huge morphospace of possibilities. Consequently, some evolutionary constraints have restricted, to some(More)
Paspalum schesslii, a new species from the state of Mato Grosso in central-western Brazil, is described and illustrated. The new species is related to P. malmeanum, from central-western Brazil and eastern Bolivia, and Paspalum eucomum, from central Brazil. It comprises shorter plants with leaf blades and racemes shorter than those of the related species,(More)
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