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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an eight-week progressive resistance training programme on lower extremity strength, ambulatory function, fatigue and self-reported disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients (mean disability score 3.7 +/- 0.8). Eight MS subjects volunteered for twice weekly training sessions. During the first two(More)
Osteoporosis and other diseases of bone loss are a major public health problem. Here it is shown that the statins, drugs widely used for lowering serum cholesterol, also enhance new bone formation in vitro and in rodents. This effect was associated with increased expression of the bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) gene in bone cells. Lovastatin and(More)
The lipocalin Apolipoprotein D (ApoD), known to protect the nervous system against oxidative stress (OS) in model organisms, is up-regulated early in the mouse brain in response to the ROS generator paraquat. However, the processes triggered by this up-regulation have not been explored. We present here a study of the effect of ApoD on the early(More)
We recently demonstrated that the mucosa of the small intestine of the rat expresses reelin and some components of its signaling system. The current study evaluates whether reelin affects the intestinal gene expression profile using microarray analysis and reeler mice, a natural mutant in which reelin is not expressed. The effect of the mutation on body(More)
A novel lipocalin gene is here reported that represents the fourth member of a cluster we have identified in the chicken genome. This cluster also includes Chondrogenesis-Associated Lipocalins beta and gamma (CAL beta, CAL gamma) and Extracellular Fatty Acid Binding Protein (Ex-FABP). The new gene codes for a 22-kDa secreted protein with three cysteine(More)
Monoamine neurotransmitters are stored in both synaptic vesicles (SVs), which are required for release at the synapse, and large dense-core vesicles (LDCVs), which mediate extrasynaptic release. The contributions of each type of vesicular release to specific behaviors are not known. To address this issue, we generated mutations in the C-terminal trafficking(More)
Homotopic grafts supplemented with nerve growth factor (NGF) speed the recovery from learning deficits observed following electrolytic lesions of the insular cortex in rats. NGF also reduces the time in which the activity of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) is first detected inside the graft by histochemical techniques. It is not known whether this(More)
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