Learn More
The phylogenetic position of cyclostomes, i.e., the relationships between hagfishes, lampreys, and jawed vertebrates is an unresolved problem. Anatomical data support the paraphyly of cyclostomes, whereas nuclear genes data support monophyly of cyclostomes. Previous results obtained using mitochondrial DNA are ambiguous, presumably due to a lack of(More)
Different mechanisms underlie the phenomenon of peripheral tolerance. Recently, a new subset of CD4+ T cells, called T regulatory-1 (Tr1) cells, was described which show suppressor functions in vitro and in vivo and are characterized by a predominant production of IL-10 and/or TGF-beta. Tr1 cells have so far been generated experimentally in an IL-10-rich(More)
There are two competing theories about the interrelationships of craniates: the cyclostome theory assumes that lampreys and hagfishes are a clade, the cyclostomes, whose sister group is the jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes); the vertebrate theory assumes that lampreys and gnathostomes are a clade, the vertebrates, whose sister group is hagfishes. The(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial DNA of the amphioxus Branchiostoma lanceolatum has been determined. This mitochondrial genome is small (15 076 bp) because of the short size of the two rRNA genes and the tRNA genes. In addition, this genome contains a very short non-coding region (57 bp) with no sequence reminiscent of a control region.(More)
E1A, the early region 1A transcription unit of human adenovirus, exhibits multiple functions that regulate the expression of some cellular genes and promote cell growth and division. We found that E1A stimulated c-jun gene expression at least fifty-fold in rat 3Y1 cells in a serum-independent manner, concomitantly with E1A down-regulation of jun B(More)
The beta-chain repertoire of the T cells that infiltrate spontaneously regressing nevi (the halo nevus phenomenon) was studied. In addition to the infiltration of the halo nevi by cutaneous lymphocyte-associated Ag-positive lymphocytes, oligoclonal expansion of T cells was observed in all halo nevi of all patients. T cells using the same TCR beta-chain were(More)
The complete sequence of the mitochondrial DNA of the hagfish Myxine glutinosa has been determined. The hagfish mtDNA (18,909 bp) is the longest vertebrate mtDNA determined so far. The gene arrangement conforms to the consensus vertebrate type and differs from that of lampreys. The exceptionally long (3628-bp) control region of the hagfish contains the(More)
Murine Valpha14(inv)T cells (NKT cells), restricted by the CD1d1 MHC 1b molecules, are a distinctive subset of T cells endowed with pleiotropic functions. CD1d1-restricted NKT cells infiltrate the granulomas induced by the s.c. injection of mycobacterial phosphatidylinositoldimannoside (PIM(2)) but not of its deacylated derivative. NKT cells are detectable(More)
We found that c-kit-positive, lineage marker-negative, Thy-1lo cells are present in both bone marrow and thymus ("BM c-kit" and "thymus c-kit" cells). Although the two cell types are phenotypically similar, only BM c-kit cells showed the potential to form colonies in vitro as well as in vivo. However, both of them revealed extensive growth and(More)
NKT cells are a subset of T lymphocytes that is mainly restricted by the nonclassical MHC class I molecule, CD1d, and that includes several subpopulations, in particular CD4+ and CD4-CD8- (DN) cells. In the mouse, differential distribution of these subpopulations as well as heterogeneity in the expression of various markers as a function of tissue(More)