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The complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial DNA of the amphioxus Branchiostoma lanceolatum has been determined. This mitochondrial genome is small (15 076 bp) because of the short size of the two rRNA genes and the tRNA genes. In addition, this genome contains a very short non-coding region (57 bp) with no sequence reminiscent of a control region.(More)
The class I Ag encoded in the Qa/T1a regions of the murine MHC are much less polymorphic, and usually have a more restricted tissue distribution than the classical histocompatibility class I Ag, encoded by genes located in the H-2K, D, and L loci. The isolation of a quasi-ubiquitously expressed, poorly polymorphic class I gene of the T1a region of the H-2d(More)
The complete sequence of the mitochondrial DNA of the hagfish Myxine glutinosa has been determined. The hagfish mtDNA (18,909 bp) is the longest vertebrate mtDNA determined so far. The gene arrangement conforms to the consensus vertebrate type and differs from that of lampreys. The exceptionally long (3628-bp) control region of the hagfish contains the(More)
There are two competing theories about the interrelationships of craniates: the cyclostome theory assumes that lampreys and hagfishes are a clade, the cyclostomes, whose sister group is the jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes); the vertebrate theory assumes that lampreys and gnathostomes are a clade, the vertebrates, whose sister group is hagfishes. The(More)
The phylogenetic position of cyclostomes, i.e., the relationships between hagfishes, lampreys, and jawed vertebrates is an unresolved problem. Anatomical data support the paraphyly of cyclostomes, whereas nuclear genes data support monophyly of cyclostomes. Previous results obtained using mitochondrial DNA are ambiguous, presumably due to a lack of(More)
We have isolated a cDNA clone carrying a 1560 bp long insert which contains the entire coding and 3' untranslated regions of an H-2K(d) mouse histocompatibility antigen. Its sequence and overal features are described. They point to the existence of unique properties of DNA sequences associated with the H-2K(d) antigen.
The beta-chain repertoire of the T cells that infiltrate spontaneously regressing nevi (the halo nevus phenomenon) was studied. In addition to the infiltration of the halo nevi by cutaneous lymphocyte-associated Ag-positive lymphocytes, oligoclonal expansion of T cells was observed in all halo nevi of all patients. T cells using the same TCR beta-chain were(More)
Isolation of cDNA clones encoding the beta-chain of the human T cell surface glycoprotein CD8 revealed the presence of five distinct forms of cDNA resulting from alternative splicing. In the process of analysis of the gene organization, we found that there exist two recently duplicated genes for CD8 beta. These genes, designated CD8 beta 1 and beta 2,(More)
Different mechanisms underlie the phenomenon of peripheral tolerance. Recently, a new subset of CD4+ T cells, called T regulatory-1 (Tr1) cells, was described which show suppressor functions in vitro and in vivo and are characterized by a predominant production of IL-10 and/or TGF-beta. Tr1 cells have so far been generated experimentally in an IL-10-rich(More)
Transcription of the c-jun gene is up-regulated by either retinoic acid (RA) or adenovirus E1A during the differentiation of F9 cells. We show here that RA and E1A induce phosphorylation of the E1A-associated 300 kDa protein (p300) during the differentiation of F9 cells. The region of E1A that is required for interaction with cellular protein p300 overlaps(More)