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Activation of terminal caspases such as caspase-3 plays an important role in the execution of neuronal cell death after transient cerebral ischemia. Although the precise mechanism by which terminal caspases are activated in ischemic neurons remains elusive, recent studies have postulated that the mitochondrial cell death-signaling pathway may participate in(More)
  • G Cao, W Pei, +7 authors J Chen
  • 2001
Nuclear changes, including internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, are characteristic features of neuronal apoptosis resulting from transient cerebral ischemia and related brain insults for which the molecular mechanism has not been elucidated. Recent studies suggest that a caspase-3-mediated mechanism may be involved in the process of nuclear degradation in(More)
The authors used prospective data from two supplemental studies of the National Health Interview Survey, the 1988 Alcohol Supplement and the 1990 Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Supplement, to examine the relation between alcohol intake and mortality. Their study included 17,821 men and 25,874 women aged 40 years or older at baseline; during an(More)
BACKGROUND Clarithromycin is a semisynthetic macrolide that exhibits broad-spectrum activity against gram-positive, gram-negative, and atypical respiratory tract and skin/skin structure pathogens, Mycobacterium species, and Helicobacter pylori. It is indicated for the treatment of a wide variety of respiratory and dermatologic infections in children and(More)
Iron sucrose (Venofer; reference) has a good safety record and is prescribed in patients with anaemia and chronic kidney disease worldwide, but various iron sucrose similar (ISS) preparations are now utilized in clinical practice. This study evaluates possible differences between iron sucrose and ISS preparations on haemodynamic and oxidative stress markers(More)
The heat shock protein (HSP) family has long been associated with a generalized cellular stress response, particularly in terms of recognizing and chaperoning misfolded proteins. While HSPs in general appear to be protective, HSP27 has recently emerged as a particularly potent neuroprotectant in a number of diverse neurological disorders, ranging from ALS(More)
Elevated blood pressure (BP) is more common in relatives of hypertensives than in relatives of normotensives, indicating familial resemblance of the BP phenotypes. Most published studies have been conducted in westernized societies. To assess the ability to generalize these estimates, we examined familial patterns of BP in a population-based sample of 510(More)
The protective efficacy of a Schistosoma japonicum, Chinese strain, triose-phosphate isomerase (TPI) plasmid DNA vaccine was examined in naïve pigs. Pigs were vaccinated with the TPI DNA-plasmid alone, or in conjunction with IL-12 as pcDNA3.1-P35, pcDNA3.1-P40 plasmids via intramuscular injection. Control pigs were immunized with equivalent amounts of(More)
Recent evidence indicates that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) seems to play a considerable role in the development of tubulointerstitial (TI) lesions caused by hyperoxaluria (Hox). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the specific mechanism by which Hox involving RAS induces chemokine and cytokine expression and, therefore, renal TI damage(More)
Nuclear changes, including internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, are classical manifestations of apoptosis for which the biochemical mechanisms have not been fully elucidated, particularly in neuronal cells. We have cloned the rat DNA fragmentation factor 35/inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase (short form) (DFF35/ICAD(S)) and found it to be the predominant(More)