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Activation of terminal caspases such as caspase-3 plays an important role in the execution of neuronal cell death after transient cerebral ischemia. Although the precise mechanism by which terminal caspases are activated in ischemic neurons remains elusive, recent studies have postulated that the mitochondrial cell death-signaling pathway may participate in(More)
  • G Cao, W Pei, +7 authors J Chen
  • 2001
Nuclear changes, including internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, are characteristic features of neuronal apoptosis resulting from transient cerebral ischemia and related brain insults for which the molecular mechanism has not been elucidated. Recent studies suggest that a caspase-3-mediated mechanism may be involved in the process of nuclear degradation in(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the pharmacokinetic interaction between ritonavir and saquinavir. METHODS Ritonavir and saquinavir were administered in single doses to six groups of healthy volunteers in a two-way (saquinavir alone and ritonavir plus saquinavir for groups I through V) and a three-way (ritonavir alone, saquinavir alone, and ritonavir plus saquinavir(More)
Hyaluronan (HA), an important glycosaminoglycan constituent of the extracellular matrix, has been implicated in angiogenesis. It appears to exert its biological effects through binding interactions with at least two cell surface receptors: CD44 and receptor for HA-mediated motility (RHAMM). Recent in vitro studies have suggested potential roles for these(More)
The authors used prospective data from two supplemental studies of the National Health Interview Survey, the 1988 Alcohol Supplement and the 1990 Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Supplement, to examine the relation between alcohol intake and mortality. Their study included 17,821 men and 25,874 women aged 40 years or older at baseline; during an(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Pioglitazone and other thiazolidinediones are renoprotective in diabetic nephropathy at doses that normalize glycemia, presumably as a consequence of glycemic control. However, low doses of pioglitazone that did not normalize glycemia in rat models of type 2 diabetes prevented tubulointerstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis through(More)
Elevated blood pressure (BP) is more common in relatives of hypertensives than in relatives of normotensives, indicating familial resemblance of the BP phenotypes. Most published studies have been conducted in westernized societies. To assess the ability to generalize these estimates, we examined familial patterns of BP in a population-based sample of 510(More)
The authors examined the relation between self-reported health status and mortality among the following racial/ethnic groups: Native Americans, Asian/Pacific Islanders, blacks, whites, and Hispanics. They pooled 1986-1994 data from the National Health Interview Survey to obtain information on more than 700,000 cohort participants. Although fewer than 5,000(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the mortality pattern of the adult Hispanic population in the United States. METHODS This was a cohort study using data from the National Health Interview Survey from 1986 through 1990. Deaths were ascertained by matching the National Death Index through 1991. RESULTS This representative national sample(More)
OBJECTIVE Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is a common liver disease in industrialized countries, is associated with obesity, hypertension, and type-2 diabetes (metabolic syndrome). Since angiotensin II (ANG II) has been suggested to play an important role in liver inflammation and fibrosis, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether(More)