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The paradigm to explain antigen-dependent T cell receptor (TCR) signaling is based on the activation of the CD4 or CD8 coreceptor-associated kinase Lck. It is widely assumed that this paradigm is also applicable to signaling by bacterial superantigens. However, these bacterial toxins can activate human T cells lacking Lck, suggesting the existence of an(More)
Bacterial superantigens (SAgs) constitute a large family of bacterial toxins that share the capacity to induce massive activation of the human immune system. Such a feature is based on the ability of these toxins to activate T cells that express Beta-chains of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) containing variable regions (V) coded by specific families of(More)
OBJECTIVE CXCL12γ is an alternative splicing isoform of CXCL12 with enhanced affinity for heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans. This study was undertaken to investigate the distribution and potential function of CXCL12γ in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium and normal lymphoid tissue, where its immobilization to HS may be relevant in pathologic or homeostatic(More)
OBJECTIVE Changes in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblast (RASF) gene expression are usually defined by a comparison to osteoarthritis synovial fibroblasts (OASFs). This study was undertaken to analyse the transcriptome of OASFs as compared to RASFs and healthy synovial fibroblasts (HSFs). METHODS The authors used microarray messenger RNA expression(More)
CTLA-4 is an activation-induced, homodimeric inhibitory receptor in T cells. Recent crystallographic reports have suggested that it may form lattice-like arrays on the cell surface upon binding B7.1/B7.2 (CD80, CD86) molecules. To test the biological relevance of these CTLA-4-B7 lattices, we introduced a C122A point mutation in human CTLA-4, because this(More)
OBJECTIVE [corrected] Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterised by progressive fibrosis. Although SSc shares pathogenetic features with other autoimmune diseases, the participation of profibrotic Th2 cytokines is unique to SSc, but the mechanisms of Th2 skewing are unknown. We have analysed the expression and function of thymic stromal(More)
OBJECTIVE Synovial fibroblast (SF) hyperplasia contributes to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but quantitative information on this process is scarce. This study was undertaken to evaluate the fibroblast-specific marker Hsp47 as a quantitative marker for SFs and to analyze its clinicopathologic correlates and evolution after anti-tumor(More)
Vitamin D analogues can reduce TGF-β pro-fibrotic signaling in dermal fibroblasts, but they may also induce a potentially pro-fibrotic thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP)-dependent Th2 cytokine local response. We have analyzed the net effect of topical vitamin D analogue calcipotriol (CPT) on the cytokine profile and the development of fibrosis in(More)
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a well-established therapy for end-stage renal failure, but its efficiency is limited by recurrent peritonitis. As PD solutions impair local inflammatory responses within the peritoneal cavity, we have analyzed their influence on the in vitro maturation of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC). Evaluation of MDDC(More)
The effect of CD3-CD4 coligation on CD3-mediated activation of normal mouse CD4(+) T lymphocytes has been analyzed in the absence of exogenous lymphokines. If anti-CD3 and anti-CD4 antibodies are adsorbed to culture wells by means of previously adsorbed anti-Ig antibodies (indirect binding), CD3-CD4 coligation inhibits activation measured as cell(More)