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The paradigm to explain antigen-dependent T cell receptor (TCR) signaling is based on the activation of the CD4 or CD8 coreceptor-associated kinase Lck. It is widely assumed that this paradigm is also applicable to signaling by bacterial superantigens. However, these bacterial toxins can activate human T cells lacking Lck, suggesting the existence of an(More)
Bacterial superantigens (SAgs) constitute a large family of bacterial toxins that share the capacity to induce massive activation of the human immune system. Such a feature is based on the ability of these toxins to activate T cells that express Beta-chains of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) containing variable regions (V) coded by specific families of(More)
OBJECTIVE Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) is a catabolic enzyme that initiates the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan degradation and has immunomodulatory properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of collagen-induced arthritis by tryptophan catabolism mediated by IDO. METHODS Arthritis was induced by immunization with type II(More)
OBJECTIVE Changes in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblast (RASF) gene expression are usually defined by a comparison to osteoarthritis synovial fibroblasts (OASFs). This study was undertaken to analyse the transcriptome of OASFs as compared to RASFs and healthy synovial fibroblasts (HSFs). METHODS The authors used microarray messenger RNA expression(More)
Many genetically modified mouse strains are now available on a C57BL/6 (H-2b) background, a strain that is relatively resistant to collagen-induced arthritis. To facilitate the molecular understanding of autoimmune arthritis, we characterised the induction of arthritis in C57BL/6 mice and then validated the disease as a relevant pre-clinical model for(More)
OBJECTIVE The CD200 receptor (CD200R) is an inhibitory receptor expressed by myeloid cells that is postulated to play an important role in regulation of the immune system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a soluble ligand of CD200R in established collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice and to analyze changes in cytokine expression(More)
OBJECTIVES The degradation of tryptophan by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase yields a number of immunomodulatory metabolites, including 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, 3-hydroxykynurenic acid and quinolinic acid. N-(3',4'-dimethoxycinnamonyl) anthranilic acid (3,4-DAA) is a synthetic anthranilic acid derivative that has been used therapeutically in Japan for many(More)
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a well-established therapy for end-stage renal failure, but its efficiency is limited by recurrent peritonitis. As PD solutions impair local inflammatory responses within the peritoneal cavity, we have analyzed their influence on the in vitro maturation of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC). Evaluation of MDDC(More)
OBJECTIVE Synovial fibroblast (SF) hyperplasia contributes to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but quantitative information on this process is scarce. This study was undertaken to evaluate the fibroblast-specific marker Hsp47 as a quantitative marker for SFs and to analyze its clinicopathologic correlates and evolution after anti-tumor(More)
The tyrosine kinase ZAP-70 has been implicated as a critical intermediary between T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) stimulation and Erk activation on the basis of the ability of dominant negative ZAP-70 to inhibit TCR-stimulated Erk activation, and the reported inability of anti-CD3 antibodies to activate Erk in ZAP-70-negative Jurkat cells. However, Erk is(More)