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Plants respond to different stresses by inducing or repressing transcription of partially overlapping sets of genes. In Arabidopsis, the PHR1 transcription factor (TF) has an important role in the control of phosphate (Pi) starvation stress responses. Using transcriptomic analysis of Pi starvation in phr1, and phr1 phr1-like (phl1) mutants and in wild type(More)
Stress constantly challenges plant adaptation to the environment. Of all stress types, arsenic was a major threat during the early evolution of plants. The most prevalent chemical form of arsenic is arsenate, whose similarity to phosphate renders it easily incorporated into cells via the phosphate transporters. Here, we found that arsenate stress provokes a(More)
Coupled gas chromatographic–electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) analyses and coupled GC-mass spectrometry (MS) of volatiles produced by male and female West Indian sugarcane weevils (WISW), Metamasius hemipterus sericeus (Oliv.), revealed eight male specific, EAD-active compounds: 3-pentanol (1), 2-methyl-4-heptanol (2), 2-methyl-4-octanol (3),(More)
The enormous amount of environmental arsenic was a major factor in determining the biochemistry of incipient life forms early in the Earth's history. The most abundant chemical form in the reducing atmosphere was arsenite, which forced organisms to evolve strategies to manage this chemical species. Following the great oxygenation event, arsenite oxidized to(More)
Transcriptional regulation is an important mechanism underlying gene expression and has played a crucial role in evolution. The number, position and interactions between cis-elements and transcription factors (TFs) determine the expression pattern of a gene. To identify functionally relevant cis-elements in gene promoters, a phylogenetic shadowing approach(More)
In plants, developmental programs and tropisms are modulated by the phytohormone auxin. Auxin reconfigures the actin cytoskeleton, which controls polar localization of auxin transporters such as PIN2 and thus determines cell-type-specific responses. In conjunction with a second growth-promoting phytohormone, brassinosteroid (BR), auxin synergistically(More)
A 597 nt fragment from Tomato mottle Taino virus (ToMoTV) DNA-A, with 459 nt located upstream of the Replication-associated protein translation start codon, was tested for promoter activity in solanaceous plants. The promoter activity of this fragment (pRep(459::Rep)) was demonstrated when it was introduced upstream the uidA reporter gene into tobacco,(More)
A novel immunoenzymatic procedure for the quantitative determination of HIV protease activity is provided. An N-terminal biotinylated peptide (DU1) that comprises an HIV-1 protease (HIV-PR) cleavage sequence was bound to streptavidin-coated microtiter plates. The bound peptide can be quantified by an immunoenzymatic procedure (enzyme-linked immunosorbent(More)
The presence of arsenic in soil and water is a constant threat to plant growth in many regions of the world. Phytohormones act in the integration of growth control and stress response, but their role in plant responses to arsenic remains to be elucidated. Here, we show that arsenate [As(V)], the most prevalent arsenic chemical species in nature, causes(More)
Gabriel Castrillo,a Eduardo Sánchez-Bermejo,a Laura de Lorenzo,a Pedro Crevillén,b Ana Fraile-Escanciano,b Mohan TC,a Alfonso Mouriz,b Pablo Catarecha,a Juan Sobrino-Plata,c Sanna Olsson,a Yolanda Leo del Puerto,a Isabel Mateos,a Enrique Rojo,a Luis E. Hernández,c Jose A. Jarillo,b Manuel Piñeiro,b Javier Paz-Ares,a and Antonio Leyvaa,1 a Departamento de(More)