Gabriel C. Wu

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Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae,(More)
A second gene for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease was identified by positional cloning. Nonsense mutations in this gene (PKD2) segregated with the disease in three PKD2 families. The predicted 968-amino acid sequence of the PKD2 gene product has six transmembrane spans with intracellular amino- and carboxyl-termini. The PKD2 protein has amino(More)
Apoptosis is an essential process in the development and homeostasis of all metazoans. The inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) proteins suppress cell death by inhibiting the activity of caspases; this inhibition is performed by the zinc-binding BIR domains of the IAP proteins. The mitochondrial protein Smac/DIABLO promotes apoptosis by eliminating the inhibitory(More)
The CLAVATA1 (CLV1) and CLAVATA3 (CLV3) genes are required to maintain the balance between cell proliferation and organ formation at the Arabidopsis shoot and flower meristems. CLV1 encodes a receptor-like protein kinase. We have found that CLV1 is present in two protein complexes in vivo. One is approximately 185 kD, and the other is approximately 450 kD.(More)
Caspase-9-mediated apoptosis (programmed cell death) plays a central role in the development and homeostasis of all multicellular organisms. Mature caspase-9 is derived from its procaspase precursor as a result of recruitment by the activating factor Apaf-1. The crystal structures of the caspase-recruitment domain of Apaf-1 by itself and in complex with the(More)
The changes in the concentrations of free and protein-bound amino acids in sow's colostrum and milk were quantified in this study. In sow's colostrum, taurine and histidine were the most abundant free amino acids (1 mmol/L of defatted milk). The concentrations of free histidine decreased, whereas those of other free amino acids increased, as lactation(More)
The early-weaned pig develops intestinal atrophy and provides a readily accessible animal model for determining the role of dietary supplementation of glutamine (Gln, a major fuel for enterocytes) in preventing intestinal damage. Three experiments were conducted to determine the stability of dietary Gln in the acidic part of the gastrointestinal tract using(More)
Engineered metabolic pathways constructed from enzymes heterologous to the production host often suffer from flux imbalances, as they typically lack the regulatory mechanisms characteristic of natural metabolism. In an attempt to increase the effective concentration of each component of a pathway of interest, we built synthetic protein scaffolds that(More)
The synthesis of citrulline from glutamine was quantified in enterocytes from pre-weaning (14-21 days old) and post-weaning (29-58 days old) pigs. The cells were incubated at 37 degrees C for 30 min in Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer (pH 7.4) containing 0, 0.5, 2 and 5 mM glutamine. Oxygen consumption was linear during the 30 min incubation period. The(More)
Ligation and transection of the L5 spinal nerve in the rat lead to behavioral signs of pain and hyperalgesia. Discharge of injured nociceptors has been presumed to play a role in generating the pain. However, A fibers, but not C fibers, in the injured L5 spinal nerve have been shown to develop spontaneous activity. Moreover, an L5 dorsal root rhizotomy does(More)