Gabriel Baverel

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The nephrotoxic effects of the antineoplastic drug ifosfamide have been attributed to its hepatic metabolite chloroacetaldehyde. The effects of chloroacetaldehyde on isolated human kidney cortex tubules metabolizing lactate (a physiologic substrate in human kidneys) were investigated. At concentrations of > or =0.5 mM, chloroacetaldehyde was toxic to the(More)
1. Healthy subjects actually performed and mentally simulated a leg exercise at two levels of work (15 and 19 kg loads). Heart rate, respiration rate and end-tidal PCO2 were measured in both conditions. In addition, muscular metabolism was simultaneously measured using 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. 2. During actual exercise, heart and(More)
AIM The aim of this investigation is to evaluate the physical and physiological characteristics of different first (ProA) and second division (ProB) professional basketball players, and to relate them to playing position and level of play. METHODS A total of 58 players were divided into ProA and ProB groups and were assessed for physical characteristics,(More)
AIM The aim of this investigation was to study the physiological response to laboratory tests in elite and professional cyclists, and to relate it to the level at which riders compete and their specialization. METHODS A total of 71 cyclists were divided into two groups, elite and professional, and were assessed for physical measurements, a maximal graded(More)
Although glutamine synthesis has a major role in the control of acid-base balance and ammonia detoxification in the kidney of herbivorous species, very little is known about the regulation of this process. We therefore studied the influence of acetate, which is readily metabolized by the kidney and whose metabolism is accompanied by the production of(More)
The metabolism of variously labeled [13C]- and [14C]glucoses, used at a physiological concentration (5 mM), has been studied in isolated rabbit kidney tubules both in the absence and the presence of NH4Cl. When present as sole exogenous substrate, glucose was metabolized at high rates and converted not only into CO2 and lactate but also, in contrast to a(More)
The transport of ketone bodies across the luminal membrane of the nephron was studied by means of micropuncture techniques in rats in normal acid-base state. The concentration of beta-hydroxybutyrate (beta-HB) and acetoacetate (AcAc) in plasma, tubular fluid and urine was measured by an ultramicromethod using enzymatic cycling. At endogenous plasma ketone(More)
The kinetics of lactate and pyruvate (1 and 5 mM in each case) metabolism was studied in isolated dog renal tubules. Utilization of these two substrates and the production of glucose, pyruvate, or lactate, and alanine were determined. The rates of lactate and pyruvate utilization and of glucose production were constant during 60 min of incubation. Glucose(More)
The transport of alpha-ketoglutarate (alpha-KG) across the luminal membrane of the rat nephron was studied by micropuncture and microassay techniques. In normal and acidotic rats, approximately 75% of the filtered alpha-KG was reabsorbed in the proximal tubule and 20% in the pars recta and/or loop of Henle at endogenous plasma concentration of alpha-KG. A(More)