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The nuclear DNA of Trypanosoma congolense contains a family of highly conserved 369 base pair (bp) repeats. The sequences of three cloned copies of these repeats were determined. An unrelated family of 177 bp repeats has previously been shown to occur in the nuclear DNA of Trypanosoma brucei brucei (Sloof et al. 1983a). Oligonucleotides were synthesized(More)
P7 is a small membrane protein that is essential for the infectivity of hepatitis C virus. Solution-state NMR experiments on p7 in DHPC micelles, including hydrogen/deuterium exchange, paramagnetic relaxation enhancement and bicelle 'q-titration,' demonstrate that the protein has a range of dynamic properties and distinct structural segments. These data(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) protein p7 plays an important role in the assembly and release of mature virus particles. This small 63-residue membrane protein has been shown to induce channel activity, which may contribute to its functions. p7 is highly conserved throughout the entire range of HCV genotypes, which contributes to making p7 a potential target for(More)
The p7 protein of hepatitis C virus (HCV) plays an important role in the viral lifecycle. Like other members of the viroporin family of small membrane proteins, the amino acid sequence of p7 is largely conserved over the entire range of genotypes, and it forms ion channels that can be blocked by a number of established channel-blocking compounds. Its(More)
Vegetable oils that contain fatty acids with conjugated double bonds, such as tung oil, are valuable drying agents in paints, varnishes, and inks. Although several reaction mechanisms have been proposed, little is known of the biosynthetic origin of conjugated double bonds in plant fatty acids. An expressed sequence tag (EST) approach was undertaken to(More)
It is challenging to find membrane mimics that stabilize the native structures, dynamics, and functions of membrane proteins. In a recent advance, nanodiscs have been shown to provide a bilayer environment compatible with solution NMR. We show that increasing the lipid to "belt" peptide ratio expands their diameter, slows their reorientation rate, and(More)
Genomic DNA hybridizations reveal that the mini-exon gene repeats of Trypanosoma (Nannomonas) congolense contain from one to greater than 20 internal tandem repeats of 190 base pairs (bp). The sequences of two mini-exon gene repeats were determined, one with three internal 190 bp repeats and one with a single 190 bp sequence. These internal repeats appear(More)
A strip-shield inserted between a high inductance double-tuned solenoid coil and the glass tube containing the sample improves the efficiency of probes used for high-field solid-state NMR experiments on lossy aqueous samples of proteins and other biopolymers. A strip-shield is a coil liner consisting of thin copper strips layered on a PTFE(More)
A number of channel-forming peptides derived from the second transmembrane (TM) segment (M2) of the glycine receptor alpha(1) subunit (M2GlyR), including the 22-residue sequence NK(4)-M2GlyR p22 wild type (WT) (KKKKPARVGLGITTVLTMTTQS), induce anion permeation across epithelial cell monolayers. In vitro assays suggest that this peptide or related sequences(More)
The four closely related genes encoding eggshell proteins in the human parasite Schistosoma japonicum are described. A cDNA and a genomic DNA library were constructed and members of the eggshell protein gene family isolated. The four genes in this family do not contain introns, and differ in organization and nucleotide sequence from the related set of genes(More)