Gabriel Žoldák

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Glucose oxidase (GOX; beta-d-glucose:oxygen oxidoreductase) from Aspergillus niger is a dimeric flavoprotein with a molecular mass of 80 kDa/monomer. Thermal denaturation of glucose oxidase has been studied by absorbance, circular dichroism spectroscopy, viscosimetry, and differential scanning calorimetry. Thermal transition of this homodimeric enzyme is(More)
Force spectroscopy has developed into an indispensable tool for studying folding and binding of proteins on a single molecule level in real time. Design of the pulling geometry allows tuning the reaction coordinate in a very precise manner. Many recent experiments have taken advantage of this possibility and have provided detailed insight the folding(More)
Prokaryotic class I release factors (RFs) respond to mRNA stop codons and terminate protein synthesis. They interact with the ribosomal decoding site and the peptidyl-transferase centre bridging these 75 A distant ribosomal centres. For this an elongated RF conformation, with partially unfolded core domains II.III.IV is required, which contrasts the known(More)
In this study we expand the accessible dynamic range of single-molecule force spectroscopy by optical tweezers to the microsecond range by fast sampling. We are able to investigate a single molecule for up to 15 min and with 300-kHz bandwidth as the protein undergoes tens of millions of folding/unfolding transitions. Using equilibrium analysis and(More)
Human aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) interacting protein (AIP) and AIP like 1 (AIPL1) are cochaperones of Hsp90 which share 49% sequence identity. Both proteins contain an N-terminal FKBP-like prolyl peptidyl isomerase (PPIase) domain followed by a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain. In addition, AIPL1 harbors a unique C-terminal proline-rich domain(More)
The cis/trans isomerization of peptide bonds before proline (prolyl bonds) is a rate-limiting step in many protein folding reactions, and it is used to switch between alternate functional states of folded proteins. Several prolyl isomerases of the FK506-binding protein family, such as trigger factor, SlyD, and FkpA, contain chaperone domains and are assumed(More)
The SlyD (sensitive to lysis D) protein of Escherichia coli is a folding enzyme with a chaperone domain and a prolyl isomerase domain of the FK506 binding protein type. Here we investigated how the two domains and their interplay are optimized for function in protein folding. Unfolded protein molecules initially form a highly dynamic complex with the(More)
The unusual salt-dependent behavior of the homodimeric flavoenzyme NADH oxidase from Thermus thermophilus in acidic pH has been studied using circular dichroism (CD) and sedimentation velocity. The native-like secondary and quaternary structures in acidic low ionic strength conditions were significantly perturbed by the addition of salts. The peptide region(More)
HisF, the cyclase subunit of imidazole glycerol phosphate synthase (ImGPS) from Thermotoga maritima, is an extremely thermostable (βα)(8)-barrel protein. We elucidated the unfolding and refolding mechanism of HisF. Its unfolding transition is reversible and adequately described by the two-state model, but 6 weeks is necessary to reach equilibrium (at 25(More)
The conformational dynamics of NADH oxidase from Thermus thermophilus was modulated by the Hofmeister series of anions (H2PO4-, SO42-, CH3COO-, Cl-, Br-, I-, ClO4-, SCN-) in the concentration range 0-3 M. Both chaotropic and kosmotropic anions, at high concentration, inhibit the enzyme by different mechanisms. Chaotropic anions increase the apparent(More)