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Eukaryotes have long been thought to have arisen by evolving a nucleus, endomembrane, and cytoskeleton. In contrast, it was recently proposed that the first complex cells, which were actually proto-eukaryotes, arose simultaneously with the acquisition of mitochondria. This so-called symbiotic association hypothesis states that eukaryotes emerged when some(More)
One of the most important omissions in recent evolutionary theory concerns how eukaryotes could emerge and evolve. According to the currently accepted views, the first eukaryotic cell possessed a nucleus, an endomembrane system, and a cytoskeleton but had an inefficient prokaryotic-like metabolism. In contrast, one of the most ancient eukaryotes, the(More)
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT), a process through which genomes acquire sequences from distantly related organisms, is believed to be a major source of genetic diversity in bacteria. A central question concerning the impact of HGT on bacterial genome evolution is the proportion of horizontally transferred sequences within genomes. This issue, however,(More)
So far BOINC based desktop grid systems have been applied at the global computing level. This paper describes an extended version of BOINC called SZTAKI desktop grid (SZDG) that aims at using desktop grids (DGs) at local (enterprise/institution) level. The novelty of SZDG is that it enables the hierarchical organisation of local DGs, i.e., clients of a DG(More)
Recent investigations on the structure of complex networks have provided interesting results for ecologists. Being inspired by these studies, we analyse a well-defined set of small model food webs. The extinction probability caused by internal Lotka-Volterra dynamics is compared to the position of species. Simulations have revealed that some global(More)
Record of a chromosome number of 2n = 76, unusual for pteridophytes, in Platyzoma microphyllum R. Br. emphasizes other unique features of this monotypic Queensland fern and provides new evidence of its possible relationships. Other characteristics of this plant, which are not known among terrestrial ferns, are incipient heterospory-having two sizes of(More)
  • G Vida
  • 1980
Short introduction is given to population genetic treatment of the evolutionary change. The evolutionary change in the population is based upon the appearance (by mutation or immigration) of new genetic information. The proportion of this new information may increase or decrease by selection and/or random processes. The aid of population genetics is to(More)
Two allelic forms of NAD specific malate dehydrogenase were found in samples of a wild population of Corydalis solida. The dimeric nature and the origin of the heterodimeric form has been demonstrated by in vitro dissociation and recombination of the subunits detected by subsequent electrophoresis. The method is applicable for polyacrylamide gel(More)
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