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In higher eukaryotes, transfer RNAs (tRNAs) with the same anticodon are encoded by multiple nuclear genes, and little is known about how mutations in these genes affect translation and cellular homeostasis. Similarly, the surveillance systems that respond to such defects in higher eukaryotes are not clear. Here, we discover that loss of GTPBP2, a novel(More)
Nonlinear state estimation is a useful approach to the monitoring of industrial (polymerization) processes. This paper investigates how this approach can be followed to the development of a soft sensor of the product quality (melt index). The bottleneck of the successful application of advanced state estimation algorithms is the identification of models(More)
A new structure classification scheme for biopolymers is introduced, which is solely based on main-chain dihedral angles. It is shown that by dividing a biopolymer into segments containing two central residues, a local classification can be performed. The method is referred to as DISICL, short for Dihedral-based Segment Identification and Classification.(More)
Cytochrome P450 2D6 is a major drug-metabolising enzyme with a wide substrate range. A single-point mutation introduced in this enzyme induces stereoselective binding of R and S-propranolol whereas the wild type has no preference. The system has previously been studied both experimentally and computationally (de Graaf et al. in Eur Biophys J 36:589–599,(More)
In an accompanying paper (Nagy, G.; Oostenbrink, C. Dihedral-based segment identification and classification of biopolymers I: Proteins. J. Chem. Inf. Model. 2013, DOI: 10.1021/ci400541d), we introduce a new algorithm for structure classification of biopolymeric structures based on main-chain dihedral angles. The DISICL algorithm (short for DIhedral-based(More)
Digital image analysis of high time resolution video microscopy was used to investigate hyphal growth dynamics in different Candida albicans strains. The effects of the quorum sensing molecules tyrosol and farnesol, the deletion of the fungus specific protein phosphatase Z1 CaPPZ1), and the hypha-specific cyclin (HGC1) genes were analyzed by this method.(More)
OBJECTIVES Pineal tumours continue to present considerable clinical dilemmas and challenges. We were, therefore, interested to review our cumulative experience with a view to formulating a potential treatment strategy. METHODS A retrospective analysis of all patients treated with Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for pineal tumours in one centre between(More)
During the last decade, a major shift has begun in chemical industry, since there is an urgent need for new tools that are able to support the optimization of operating technologies. This trend is driven by the new tools of information technology. Approaches of this shift differ from company to company but one common feature is that communication between(More)
The stereoselective binding of R- and S-propranolol to the metabolic enzyme cytochrome P450 2D6 and its mutant F483A was studied using various computational approaches. Previously reported free-energy differences from Hamiltonian replica exchange simulations, combined with thermodynamic integration, are compared to the one-step perturbation approach,(More)