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OBJECTIVE Studies comparing people suffering from depression who committed suicide with control subjects have yielded inconsistent results regarding serotonin (5-HT) involvement in pathology, possibly owing to procedural factors. Our objective was to investigate which 5-HT receptor subtypes might be associated with depression and suicide, whether receptor(More)
In postmortem brains of patients with major depression, the expression of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) is enhanced and that of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) decreased. In mice over-expressing neuronal CRF (an animal model for depression) the expression of urocortin 1 (Ucn1) in the non-preganglionic Edinger-Westphal nucleus (npEW) is(More)
BACKGROUND We recently reported reduced [3H]cyclic adenosine monophosphate binding and catalytic activity of protein kinase A in prefrontal cortex of depressed suicide victims. Here we examined the molecular basis of these alterations and whether these findings can be replicated in another cohort. METHODS Prefrontal cortex from depressed suicide victims(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GNDF) plays an important role in the development and synaptic plasticity of dopaminergic neurons, thus it could be an important therapeutic factor in Parkinson's disease. Results from candidate gene studies of GDNF in psychiatric disorders are contradictory. Moreover, the possible association between GDNF(More)
BACKGROUND Epigenetic mechanisms may be involved in the reprogramming of gene expression in response to stressful stimuli. This investigation determined whether epigenetic phenomena might similarly be associated with suicide/depression. METHODS The expression of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) mRNA was assessed in several brain regions of individuals who had(More)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and GABA have been implicated in depression, and there is reason to believe that GABA may influence CRH functioning. The levels of CRH, and mRNA for CRH-binding protein, CRH1, and CRH2 receptors, as well as various GABA(A) receptor subunits (alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, alpha4, alpha5, delta, and gamma2), were determined in(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence indicating that serotonin uptake and density of 5-HT2A receptors are altered in brain regions of depressed suicide victims and in platelets of depressed suicidal subjects. The present investigation tested the hypothesis that these changes in the serotonergic system in depressed suicide victims are trait rather than state markers(More)
BACKGROUND Nefazodone is a 5-HT2-receptor antagonist and serotonin (5-HT) selective reuptake inhibitor. This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of nefazodone in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) in comparison to imipramine and placebo treatments. It also compares two dose ranges of nefazodone to investigate its optimal dose range. METHOD(More)
Clinical, epidemiological, neuroimaging and postmortem data all suggest schizophrenia is a neurodevelopmental disorder, and that synaptic disturbances might play a critical role in developing the disease. In 1982, Feinberg proposed that the schizophrenia might arise as a result of abnormal synaptic pruning. His hypothesis has survived 40years of accumulated(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of our study was to investigate the association of STin2 polymorphism and cognitive dysfunction in major depression. METHODS 71 patients with major depression and 99 controls were genotyped for STin2. All depressive subjects and 30 controls also completed tests measuring neurocognitive performance. RESULTS We found a significantly(More)