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Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is well known as a cell damaging agent that is produced during normal cell metabolism of aerobic organisms. An excessive production of oxygen metabolites such as H2O2 leads to oxidative stress and disease. On the other hand, it recently was discovered that H2O2 is not only a deleterious oxidant for cells but can also play an(More)
A 1.8 mT, bone healing, electromagnetic field (EMF) and power frequency EMFs of 0.1 and 0.4 mT significantly inhibit DNA synthesis in otherwise unstimulated Jurkat (E 6.1) cells. Inhibition is generally most prominent in cells from mid log phase growth. In complete medium the bone healing EMF inhibits [3H] thymidine uptake of the latter cells by almost 50%(More)
Magnets, electric current and time varying magnetic fields always have played a role in human medicine. Natural magnetic stones were used in ancient cultures to induce a therapeutic effect and modern clinical practice would be far less effective without nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, cardiac pacemakers, and bone growth stimulators. This paper presents(More)
In earlier studies, we have shown that pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) induce programmed cell death in cultured T cells and that rats exposed in vivo to PEMFs have decreased T-cell proliferative capacity. These data led us to hypothesize that PEMFs might be used to control proliferation of inflammatory lymphocytes and therefore beneficially affect(More)
The use of ultraviolet B light (UVB) has been proven to be highly effective for treatment of various inflammatory skin diseases, but UVB phototherapy is limited by its carcinogenic side effects. It is necessary to uncover effectors that augment UVB so that similar or improved efficacy can be obtained with lower UVB doses. We found that low frequency, low(More)
This study is aimed at expanding the role of electromagnetic field (EMF) therapy for treatment of inflammatory diseases and obtaining new information on the biophysical mechanism of action of weak EMFs. The mechanism of action of EMFs on biological systems is a question that has yet to be answered. Several models have been proposed to explain the coupling(More)
Tendinitis is a painful soft tissue pathology that accounts for almost half of all occupational injuries in the United States. It is often caused by repeated movements and may result in loss of work and income. Current treatments for tendinitis are aimed at reducing inflammation, the major cause of the pain. Although anti-inflammatory drugs and various(More)
An important aspect of medical device development is the need to understand how a device produces a specific biological effect. The focus can then be on optimizing that effect by device modification and repeated testing. Several reports from this lab have targeted programmed cell death, or apoptosis, as a cellular pathway that is induced by exposure of(More)
While it is well known that electromagnetic fields (EMFs) can induce repair of non-healing bone fractures, EMF therapy remains confined to orthopedic clinics mainly because the biological and physical mechanisms underlying the therapy are unknown. However, it is generally believed that non-invasive, EMF therapy might have a broad, albeit currently(More)
Electromagnetic field (EMF) producing wire coils were described by Merritt et al, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54 (7), 1983. Merritt coils produce large volume EMFs in which statistical numbers of biological experiments are performed. We build and use Merritt coils for cell/animal studies and are developing therapeutic EMF systems. Here we present models illustrating(More)