Gaëlle Robin

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Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a very severe muscle disease that is characterized by progressive skeletal muscle wasting. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is provoked by mutations in the gene encoding the protein dystrophin, which lead to the total absence of this protein in skeletal muscles. In normal skeletal muscle, dystrophin is located underneath the(More)
Depolarization of skeletal muscle fibers induces sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release and contraction that progressively decline while depolarization is maintained. Voltage-dependent inactivation of SR Ca(2+) release channels and SR Ca(2+) depletion are the two processes proposed to explain the decline of SR Ca(2+) release during long-lasting(More)
Contraction of skeletal muscle is triggered by the release of Ca(2+) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in response to depolarization of the muscle membrane. Depolarization is known to elicit a conformational change of the dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) in the tubular membrane that controls in a time- and voltage-dependent manner the opening of the(More)
Under resting conditions, external Ca(2+) is known to enter skeletal muscle cells, whereas Ca(2+) stored in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) leaks into the cytosol. The nature of the pathways involved in the sarcolemmal Ca(2+) entry and in the SR Ca(2+) leak is still a matter of debate, but several lines of evidence suggest that these Ca(2+) fluxes are(More)
Muscle contraction is triggered by Ca(2+) ions released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in response to depolarization of skeletal muscle fibres. Muscle activation is also associated with a voltage-activated trans-sarcolemmal Ca(2+) influx early identified as a current flowing through L-type Ca(2+) channels. Because removal of external Ca(2+) does not(More)
Depolarization of skeletal muscle fiber induces the release of Ca ions from the SR through RyR Ca release channels, which in turn activate contraction. Activity of the RyR is a tightly voltage-controlled process that involves the dihydropyridine receptors (DHPRs) anchored in the t-tubules, which act as voltage sensors and transduce membrane potential change(More)
Andersen’s syndrome (AS) is a rare autosomal disorder that has been defined by the triad of periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia, and developmental anomalies. AS has been directly linked to over 40 different autosomal dominant negative loss-of-function mutations in the KCNJ2 gene, encoding for the tetrameric strong inward rectifying K+ channel KIR2.1.(More)
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