Gaëlle Glévarec

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Our objective was to determine the respective roles of the couple glutamine synthetase/glutamate synthase (GS/GOGAT) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) in ammonium and amino acid metabolism during germination and post-germinative growth in the model legume Medicago truncatula Gaertn. For this aim, amino acids were analyzed by HPLC and changes in gene(More)
We have developed an approach combining physiology and quantitative genetics to enhance our understanding of nitrogen (N) metabolism during kernel germination. The physiological study highlighted the central role of glutamine (Gln) synthetase (GS) and Gln synthesis during this developmental process because a concomitant increase of both the enzyme activity(More)
The modulation of primary nitrogen metabolism by hypoxic stress was studied in young Medicago truncatula seedlings. Hypoxic seedlings were characterized by the up-regulation of glutamate dehydrogenase 1 (GDH1) and mitochondrial alanine aminotransferase (mAlaAT), and down-regulation of glutamine synthetase 1b (GS1b), NADH-glutamate synthase (NADH-GOGAT),(More)
The Madagascar periwinkle produces a large palette of Monoterpenoid Indole Alkaloids (MIAs), a class of complex alkaloids including some of the most valuable plant natural products with precious therapeutical values. Evolutionary pressure on one of the hotspots of biodiversity has obviously turned this endemic Malagasy plant into an innovative alkaloid(More)
Recently, a renewed interest in cytokinins (CKs) has allowed the characterization of these phytohormones as key regulatory molecules in plant biotic interactions. They have been proved to be instrumental in microbe- and insect-mediated plant phenotypes that can be either beneficial or detrimental for the host-plant. In parallel, insect endosymbiotic(More)
Catharanthus roseus constitutes the unique source of several valuable monoterpenoid indole alkaloids, including the antineoplastics vinblastine and vincristine. These alkaloids result from a complex biosynthetic pathway encompassing between 30 and 50 enzymatic steps whose characterisation is still underway. The most recent identifications of genes from this(More)
Natural compounds extracted from microorganisms or plants constitute an inexhaustible source of valuable molecules whose supply can be potentially challenged by limitations in biological sourcing. The recent progress in synthetic biology combined to the increasing access to extensive transcriptomics and genomics data now provide new alternatives to produce(More)
In periwinkle cell suspensions, amounts of gibberellic acid ranging from 10 ( - 10) M to 10 ( - 7) M significantly antagonized, in a dose-dependant manner, the stimulation of ajmalicine biosynthesis by cytokinins (CKs). This inhibitory effect was strictly correlated with the abolition of the expression of two genes encoding enzymes of the monoterpenoid(More)
Isopentenyl diphosphate isomerases (IDI) catalyze the interconversion of the two isoprenoid universal C5 units, isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylally diphosphate, to allow the biosynthesis of the large variety of isoprenoids including both primary and specialized metabolites. This isomerisation is usually performed by two distinct IDI isoforms located(More)
In plant cytokinin (CK) signaling, type-B response regulators (RRs) act as major players in orchestrating the transcriptome changes in response to CK. However, their direct targets are poorly known. The identification of putative type-ARR1 motifs located within the promoter of the CK-responsive hydroxyl methyl butenyl diphosphate synthase (HDS) gene from(More)