Gaël Ménasché

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Griscelli syndrome (GS, MIM 214450), a rare, autosomal recessive disorder, results in pigmentary dilution of the skin and the hair, the presence of large clumps of pigment in hair shafts and an accumulation of melanosomes in melanocytes. Most patients also develop an uncontrolled T-lymphocyte and macrophage activation syndrome (known as haemophagocytic(More)
Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is a genetically heterogeneous autosomal recessive immune disorder characterized by the occurrence of uncontrolled activation of lymphocytes and macrophages infiltrating multiple organs. Disease-causing mutations in the perforin (PRF1; also known as FHL2), Munc13-4 (UNC13D; also known as FHL3), and(More)
One outcome of T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling is increased affinity and avidity of integrins for their ligands. This occurs through a process known as inside-out signaling, which has been shown to require several molecular components including the adapter proteins ADAP (adhesion and degranulation-promoting adapter protein) and SKAP-55 (55-kDa src(More)
Griscelli syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that associates hypopigmentation, characterized by a silver-gray sheen of the hair and the presence of large clusters of pigment in the hair shaft, and the occurrence of either a primary neurological impairment or a severe immune disorder. Two different genetic forms, GS1 and GS2, respectively,(More)
The GTPase Rab27A interacts with myosin-VIIa and myosin-Va via MyRIP or melanophilin and mediates melanosome binding to actin. Here we show that Rab27A and MyRIP are associated with secretory granules (SGs) in adrenal chromaffin cells and PC12 cells. Overexpression of Rab27A, GTPase-deficient Rab27A-Q78L, or MyRIP reduced secretory responses of PC12 cells.(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells exert their cytotoxic activity through the polarized secretion of cytotoxic granules at the immunological synapse. Rab27a and hMunc13-4 are critical effectors of the exocytosis of cytotoxic granules. Here we show that the cytotoxic function of lymphocytes requires the cooperation of two types of organelles:(More)
Integrins are critical for the migration of T cells to lymphoid organs and to sites of inflammation and are also necessary for productive interactions between T cells and antigen-presenting cells. Integrin activation is enhanced following T-cell receptor (TCR) engagement, as signals initiated by the TCR increase affinity and avidity of integrins for their(More)
Griscelli disease is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by diffuse pigmentary dilution and occurrence of acute phases of uncontrolled lymphocyte and macrophage activation, so-called “hemophagocytic syndrome” (HS) that leads to death. Recently, two closely linked genes located on human 15q21 region have been found to be responsible for the(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes kill target cells via the polarized secretion of cytotoxic granules at the immune synapse. The lytic granules are initially recruited around the polarized microtubule-organizing center. In a dynein-dependent transport process, the granules move along microtubules toward the microtubule-organizing center in the minus-end direction.(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer cells help control infections and tumors via a killing activity that is mediated by the release of cytotoxic granules. Granule secretion at the synapse formed between the CTL and the target cell leads to apoptosis of the latter. This process involves polarization of the CTL's secretory machinery and(More)