Learn More
Hypertension is a multigenic disorder in which abnormal counterregulation between dopamine and Ang II plays a role. Recent studies suggest that this counterregulation results, at least in part, from regulation of the expression of both the antihypertensive dopamine 5 receptor (D5R) and the prohypertensive Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1R). In this report, we(More)
G protein-coupled receptors contain selectively important residues that play central roles in the conformational changes that occur during receptor activation. Asparagine 111 (N111(3.35)) is such a residue within the angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor. Substitution of N111(3.35) for glycine leads to a constitutively active receptor, whereas substitution(More)
The expression of a constitutively active G protein-coupled receptor is expected to trigger diverse cellular changes ranging from normal to adaptive responses. We report that confluent HEK-293 cells stably expressing the constitutively active mutant N111G-AT1 receptor for angiotensin II spontaneously exhibited dramatic morphological changes and cytoskeletal(More)
Angiotensin II (AII) is a major regulator of aldosterone synthesis and secretion by the adrenal zona glomerulosa. Although it has been suggested by many authors that AII acts by increasing the turnover of inositol-lipids, these studies were mainly focussed on the identity and on the kinetics of appearance of inositol phosphates. The purpose of the present(More)
Activation of G protein-coupled receptors by agonists involves significant movement of transmembrane domains (TM) following binding of agonist. The underlying structural mechanism by which receptor activation takes place is largely unknown but can be inferred by detecting variability within the environment of the ligand-binding pocket, which constitutes a(More)
The role of transmembrane domain six (TMD6) of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor, which is predicted to undergo conformational changes after agonist binding, was investigated using the substituted-cysteine accessibility method. Each residue in the Lys240-Leu265 fragment was mutated, one at a time, to a cysteine. The resulting mutants were expressed in(More)
In a wide variety of cells, inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3) is a second messenger which interacts with specific intracellular receptors and triggers the release of sequestered Ca2+ from an intracellular store. When bovine adrenal cortex microsomes were incubated in the presence of dithiothreitol [(DTT) IC50 = 50 mM] or n-ethylmaleimide [(NEM) IC50 = 0.5(More)
The NPXnY motif is involved in the internalization process of several types of receptors, including lipoprotein receptors and G protein-coupled receptors. We replaced Tyr302 with either phenylalanine or alanine in the NPLFY site of the human angiotensin II receptor type 1 and determined the pharmacological properties of the resulting mutant receptors.(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) regulates aldosterone production in bovine adrenal glomerulosa cells by interacting with the AT1 receptor. This receptor is coupled to a G protein that controls the activity of phospholipase C. With a primary culture of bovine adrenal glomerulosa cells, we evaluated the desensitization of cellular responses after pretreatment with(More)
A urotensin II (U-II) peptide analogue containing the photoreactive p -benzoyl-L-phenylalanine (Bz-Phe) in the sixth position was used to identify ligand-binding sites of the rat U-II receptor, also known as GPR14. [Bz-Phe(6)]U-II bound the receptor expressed in COS-7 cells with high affinity (IC(50) 0.7 nM) and was as potent as U-II in the agonist-induced(More)