GS Panayi

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In rheumatoid arthritis the synovial membrane has many of the characteristics of a hyperactive, immunologically-stimulated lymphoid organ. The basis of this hyperactivity is poorly understood. Highly specific antisera to human Ia-like (HLA-DR) antigens and monoclonal antibodies (OKT series) to various T-lymphocyte subsets were used to analyse both the(More)
OBJECTIVES The human stress protein BiP (immunoglobulin binding protein) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) since BiP was found to stimulate synovial T-cell proliferation and anti-BiP antibodies are present in the serum of RA patients. The aim of this study was the development of a rapid and reproducible enzyme-linked(More)
OBJECTIVE Results of an earlier open-label pilot study showed that 4162W94 was a relatively non-depleting anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody that induced >80% down-modulation of CD4 molecules from the surface of T lymphocytes. This placebo-controlled repeat-cycle study was conducted in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients to determine the duration of CD4(More)
We have investigated a new hypothesis for the association between adenosine deaminase (A.D.A.) deficiency and immunodeficiency--namely, that deoxyadenosine rather than adenosine (an equally effective A.D.A. substrate) is toxic to proliferating cells of lymphoid origin. This possibility was explored in mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes cultured with a potent(More)
Raised levels of circulating immune complexes were found in the plasma of 47% of patients with psoriasis and in 58% of those with psoriatic arthritis. The mean levels were significantly raised when compared with normals, but there was no difference between the 2 patient groups. The levels of acute phase proteins (C-reactive protein, fibrinogen,(More)
The clinical value of enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) assays for IgM and IgG rheumatoid factors was assessed in a series of studies using rabbit IgG as antigen. The tests were reproducible with intra-assay coefficients of variation of 6% and could be simply and rapidly performed. Normal ranges were established using 106 sera from healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Current disease management in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has moved towards "inverting the therapeutic pyramid" by introducing disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) early. Despite the logic of early DMARD therapy, there is a dearth of supportive evidence for this approach. We report a randomised controlled trial comparing sulphasalazine(More)