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Hemophilia B is a severe X-linked bleeding diathesis caused by the absence of functional blood coagulation factor IX, and is an excellent candidate for treatment of a genetic disease by gene therapy. Using an adeno-associated viral vector, we demonstrate sustained expression (>17 months) of factor IX in a large-animal model at levels that would have a(More)
Somatic gene therapy has been proposed as a means to achieve systemic delivery of therapeutic proteins. However, there is limited evidence that current methods of gene delivery can practically achieve this goal. In this study, we demonstrate that, following a single intramuscular administration of a recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector(More)
The B19 parvovirus, a small single-stranded DNA virus of 5.4 kilobases, is pathogenic in humans. B19 has remarkable specificity for erythroid progenitor cells and has been propagated in vitro only with human erythroid bone marrow. Replication of viral DNA and the viral protein products of B19 appear similar to those of other animal parvoviruses. However,(More)
B19 parvovirus, the cause of fifth disease and transient aplastic crisis, has been successfully propagated in suspension cultures of human erythroid bone marrow cells obtained from patients with sickle cell disease and stimulated by erythropoietin. B19 inoculation in vitro resulted in a marked decline in identifiable erythroid cells over seven to nine days(More)
  • H Nakai, R W Herzog, +10 authors K A High
  • Blood
  • 1998
Recombinant adeno-associated virus vectors (AAV) were prepared in high titer (10(12) to 10(13) particles/mL) for the expression of human factor IX after in vivo transduction of murine hepatocytes. Injection of AAV-CMV-F.IX (expression from the human cytomegalovirus IE enhancer/promoter) into the portal vein of adult mice resulted in no detectable human(More)
The purpose of this work was to develop an efficient method for the production of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors in the absence of helper virus. The adenovirus regions that mediate AAV vector replication were identified and assembled into a helper plasmid. These included the VA, E2A and E4 regions. When this helper plasmid was cotransfected into 293(More)
B19 parvovirus has been shown to persist in some immunocompromised patients, and treatment with specific antibodies can lead to decreased quantities of circulating virus and hematologic improvement. A defective immune response to B19 parvovirus in these patients was shown by comparison of results using a capture RIA and immunoblotting. In normal(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) is a replication-defective parvovirus which is being explored as a vector for gene therapy because of its broad host range, excellent safety profile, and durable transgene expression in infected hosts. rAAV has also been reported by several groups to induce little or no immune response to its encoded transgene(More)
We have developed a system for site-specific DNA integration in human cells, mediated by the adeno-associated virus (AAV) Rep proteins. In its normal lysogenic cycle, AAV integrates at a site on human chromosome 19 termed AAVS1. We describe a rapid PCR assay for the detection of integration events at AAVS1 in whole populations of cells. Using this assay, we(More)