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Trivial head trauma may be complicated by severe, sometimes even fatal, cerebral edema and coma occurring after a lucid interval ("delayed cerebral edema"). Attacks of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) can be triggered by minor head trauma and are sometimes accompanied by coma. Mutations in the CACNA1A calcium channel subunit gene on chromosome 19 are(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the distribution of migraine and its subtypes in the general population. BACKGROUND Previous population-based studies are limited by small samples or a narrow age range, do not provide prevalence estimates of migraine with and without aura, or underestimate prevalence by not accounting for patients missed as a result of using(More)
The present review of epidemiologic studies on migraine and headache in Europe is part of a larger initiative by the European Brain Council to estimate the costs incurred because of brain disorders. Summarizing the data on 1-year prevalence, the proportion of adults in Europe reporting headache was 51%, migraine 14%, and 'chronic headache' (i.e. > or =15(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the clinical spectrum of CACNA1A S218L mutation carriers with special attention to "early seizures and cerebral oedema after trivial head trauma (ESCEATHT)", a combination of symptoms which resembles the "juvenile head trauma syndrome". PATIENTS AND METHODS In two patients with ESCEATHT all exons of CACNA1A were sequenced. Both patients(More)
BACKGROUND Rizatriptan (MK-462) is a new 5-hydroxytryptamine1D (serotonin1D; 5-HT1D) receptor agonist for the acute treatment of migraine that has improved pharmacokinetic properties compared with sumatriptan succinate. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and tolerability of 10-, 20-, and 40-mg doses of oral rizatriptan vs a 100-mg dose of oral sumatriptan(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in migraineurs in the general population. DESIGN Cross-sectional study within the context of a population-based study monitoring health characteristics of the Dutch adult population in two municipalities representative of the general population in the Netherlands. Migraine was assessed in a(More)
Clinical and genetic heterogeneity as well as influence of environmental factors have hampered identification of the genetic factors which are involved in episodic diseases such as migraine, episodic ataxia and epilepsy. The study of rare, but clearly genetically determined subtypes, may help to unravel the pathogenesis of the more common forms. Recently,(More)
Migraine is a common neurological disease of two main types: migraine with aura and migraine without aura. Familial clustering suggests that genetic factors are involved in the etiology of migraine. Recently, a gene for familial hemiplegic migraine, a rare autosomal dominant subtype of migraine with aura, was mapped to chromosome 19p13. We tested the(More)
Migraine headache is widely believed to be associated with cerebral or meningeal vasodilatation. Human evidence for this hypothesis is lacking. 3 Tesla magnetic resonance angiography (3T MRA) allows for repetitive, non-invasive, sensitive assessment of intracranial vasodilatation and blood flow. Nitroglycerine (NTG) can faithfully induce migraine attacks(More)
We describe an extended Dutch family with a new hereditary disorder: autosomal dominant vascular retinopathy, migraine and Raynaud's phenomenon. Information was obtained on 289 family members (151 males, 138 females), of whom 198 were personally interviewed. Retinopathy was found in 20 (6.9%) of the family members, migraine in 65 (22.5%) and Raynaud's(More)