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Receptors for Ricinus communis agglutinin I (RCAI), concanavalin A (Con A), and wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) were localized on the zonae pellucidae and plasma membranes of hamster, mouse, and rat eggs with ferritin-lectin conjugates. Intact eggs labeled with the ferritin conjugates showed dense concentrations of RCAI and WGA receptors in the outermost(More)
The successful penetration of endothelial basement membranes is an important process in the formation of hematogenous tumor metastases. Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan is a major constituent of endothelial basement membranes, and we have found that HS-degradative activities of metastatic B16 melanoma sublines correlate with their lung-colonizing(More)
With the use of the rat 13762 mammary adenocarcinoma tumor, an animal model for spontaneous mammary tumor metastasis was developed. The parental tumor implanted sc into the mammary fat pads of female Fischer 344 rats metastasized at low frequency to lymph nodes and lung and did not metastasize to other organs. Oophorectomy did not modify the metastatic(More)
A syngeneic tumor model system with the RAW117 lymphosarcoma cell line was developed for use in investigations of host and tumor cell properties associated with an enhanced state of malignancy. This BALB/c mouse model was found to be similar to human lymphosarcoma in that liver and spleen were the major organs involved. Sequential in vivo selections were(More)
The progression of cancer cells to highly malignant phenotypes that ultimately invade and metastasize to near and distant sites requires that metastatic cells respond to mitogenic signals in new microenvironments. The successful growth of metastases is due to their ability to respond to local paracrine growth factors and inhibitors and to produce and(More)
Heparan sulfate (HS), a prominent component of vascular endothelial basal lamina, is cleaved into large Mr fragments and solubilized from subendothelial basal lamina-like matrix by metastatic murine B16 melanoma cells. We have examined the degradation products of HS and other purified glycosaminoglycans produced by B16 cells. Glycosaminoglycans 3H-labeled(More)
The role of growth factor networks in regulating the progression of human melanocytes towards tumorigenicity and ultimately the malignant phenotype is poorly understood. In particular, the autocrine and paracrine influences that modulate cellular invasion and extracellular matrix degradative enzymes of melanoma cells remain undefined at the molecular level.(More)