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Hydrophobins are small fungal proteins that self-assemble at hydrophilic/hydrophobic interfaces into amphipathic membranes that, in the case of Class I hydrophobins, can be disassembled only by treatment with agents like pure trifluoroacetic acid. Here we characterize, by spectroscopic techniques, the structural changes that occur upon assembly at an(More)
The present work reports the use of non-living non-recombinant bacteria as a delivery system for mucosal vaccination. Antigens are bound to the cell-wall of pretreated Lactococcus lactis, designated as Gram-positive enhancer matrix (GEM), by means of a peptidoglycan binding domain. The influence of the GEM particles on the antigen-specific serum antibody(More)
Hydrophobins self assemble into amphipathic films at hydrophobic-hydrophilic interfaces. These proteins are involved in a broad range of processes in fungal development. We have studied the conformational changes that accompany the self-assembly of the hydrophobin SC3 with polarization-modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy, attenuated total(More)
A mannitol phosphotransferase system (PTS) was identified in Bacillus stearothermophilus by in vitro complementation with Escherichia coli EI, HPr, and IIA(Mtl). Degenerate primers based on regions of high amino acid similarity in the E. coli and Staphylococcus carnosus EII(Mt1) were used to develop a digoxigenin-labeled probe by PCR. Using this probe, we(More)
Hydrophobins are a class of small proteins that fulfill a wide spectrum of functions in fungal growth and development. They do so by self-assembling into an amphipathic membrane at hydrophilic-hydrophobic interfaces. The SC3 hydrophobin of Schizophyllum commune is the best-studied hydrophobin. It assembles at the air-water interface into a membrane(More)
The hydrophobin SC3 belongs to a class of small proteins functioning in the growth and development of fungi. Its unique amphipathic property and remarkable surface activity make it interesting not only for biological studies but also for medical and industrial applications. Biophysical studies have revealed that SC3 possesses at least three distinct(More)
The fluorescence properties of six different single Trp mutants of the mannitol-specific transporter of Escherichia coli were studied in order to derive structural information at different locations in the enzyme. The use of pure detergent and special protein purification protocols was essential for reliable fluorescence spectra, as judged from(More)
This report presents the backbone assignments and the secondary structure determination of the A domain of the Escherichia coli mannitol transport protein, enzyme-IImtl. The backbone resonances were partially assigned using three-dimensional heteronuclear 1H NOE 1H-15N single-quantum coherence (15N NOESY-HSQC) spectroscopy and three-dimensional(More)
During a cycle of mannitol transport and phosphorylation, the phosphoryl group originating on P-enolpyruvate is transferred, consecutively, to two sites on the Escherichia coli mannitol-specific carrier (EIIMd) before being placed on mannitol [Pas et al. (1988) Biochemistry (in press)]. The peptides constituting the two EIIMd phosphorylation sites have been(More)
Sulfhydryl reagents affected the binding properties of the translocator domain, NIII, of enzyme IImtl in two ways: (i) the affinity for mannitol was reduced, and (ii) the exchange rate of bound and free mannitol was increased. The effect on the affinity was very much reduced after solubilization of enzyme IImtl in the detergent decylPEG. The effects were(More)