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1. It is often assumed that the power in the low- (around 0.10 Hz) and high-frequency (around 0.25 Hz) bands obtained by power spectral analysis of cardiovascular variables reflects sympathetic and vagal tone [corrected] respectively. An alternative model attributes the low-frequency band to a resonance in the control system that is produced by the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated the incidence, predisposing factors and significance of the onset of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF). BACKGROUND The association between CHF and AF is well documented, but the factors that predispose to the onset of the arrhythmia and its impact remain controversial.(More)
BACKGROUND In chronic heart failure (CHF), arterial baroreflex regulation of cardiac function is impaired, leading to a reduction in the tonic restraining influence on the sympathetic nervous system. Because baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), as assessed by the phenylephrine technique, significantly contributes to postinfarction risk stratification, the aim of(More)
BACKGROUND The need for accurate risk stratification is heightened by the expanding indications for the implantable cardioverter defibrillator. The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial (MADIT) focused interest on patients with both depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and the presence of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Autonomic dysfunction seems to be involved in the progression and prognosis of severe congestive heart failure. Parasympathetic activity can still be abnormal 4-8 weeks after haemodynamic improvement by heart transplantation. To identify patients in heart failure with a more pronounced neural derangement and to analyse the changes(More)
This study proposes an application of symbolic analysis to beat-to-beat heart rate variability data derived from 24h Holter recordings both in healthy and heart failure populations. Heart rate series are transformed in a sequence of six symbols via a uniform quantization procedure. Symbols are grouped in patterns lasting three cardiac cycles and these(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with chronic heart failure, the use of carvedilol therapy induces clinical and hemodynamic improvement. However, although the benefits of this beta-blocker have been established in patients with chronic heart failure, the mechanisms underlying them and the changes in left ventricular systolic function, diastolic function, and mitral(More)
We propose an integrated approach based on uniform quantization over a small number of levels for the evaluation and characterization of complexity of a process. This approach integrates information-domain analysis based on entropy rate, local nonlinear prediction, and pattern classification based on symbolic analysis. Normalized and non-normalized indexes(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to 1) assess the short-, medium-and long-term prognostic power of peak oxygen consumption (VO2) in patients with heart failure; 2) verify the consistency of a nonmeasurable anaerobic threshold (AT) as a criterion of nonapplicability of peak VO2; 3) develop simple rules for the efficient use of peak VO2 in individualized(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced heart rate variability, particularly in the Very-low-frequency (VLF) spectral band, has been found to be a marker for poor prognosis in patients after myocardial infarction, but the origin of the VLF oscillations is unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that the power of cardiovascular oscillations in the VLF band in awake patients with(More)