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OBJECTIVE A pilot study to assess the feasibility of a trial to investigate the efficacy of acupuncture compared to placebo needling for the treatment of acute low back pain (LBP). As part of this, the study was designed to establish the credibility of the placebo control, and to provide data to inform a power analysis to determine numbers for a future(More)
BACKGROUND Many strategies are in use with the intention of preventing or minimising delayed onset muscle soreness and fatigue after exercise. Cold-water immersion, in water temperatures of less than 15°C, is currently one of the most popular interventional strategies used after exercise. OBJECTIVES To determine the effects of cold-water immersion in the(More)
STUDY DESIGN A descriptive questionnaire of chartered physiotherapists. OBJECTIVE To investigate current physiotherapeutic management of low back pain throughout Britain and Ireland. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Physiotherapists play a key role in low back pain management. Although clinical guidelines for best practice have been developed recently, there(More)
UNLABELLED This study evaluated the effects of varying frequency, intensity and stimulation site, of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in an experimental model of pain. In a double-blind design 240 volunteers were randomised to one of six experimental TENS groups, a sham TENS or control (n=30 per group; gender balanced). Two TENS(More)
The current study, for which ethical approval was obtained, was designed to assess the extent to which the tenderness or mechanical allodynia observed in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) might be mediated by large diameter myelinated nerve fibres. Healthy human volunteers were recruited and randomly allocated to one of three groups: Normal-Control,(More)
The aim of this review was to investigate current evidence for the type and quality of exercise being offered to chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients, within randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and to assess how treatment outcomes are being measured. A two-fold methodological approach was adopted: a methodological assessment identified RCTs of 'medium' or(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the clinical effectiveness of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of tendinopathy. Secondary objectives were to determine the relevance of irradiation parameters to outcomes, and the validity of current dosage recommendations for the treatment of tendinopathy. BACKGROUND LLLT is proposed as a possible treatment for tendon(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The use of low-intensity laser therapy (LILT) as a therapeutic modality has become popular in a variety of clinical applications including the promotion of wound repair. Although the clinical evidence base for such application remains sparse, recent studies have demonstrated a number of quantifiable photobiological effects(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of pulsed low-intensity laser irradiation on nerve conduction in the human superficial radial nerve and on temperature in the skin overlying the nerve. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-two healthy human volunteers were recruited and randomly assigned to either placebo, laser 1 (9.12 Hz), laser 2(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study, which was approved by the University's Ethical committee, was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of Combined Low Intensity Laser Therapy/Phototherapy (CLILT) in alleviating the signs and symptoms of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) over an 11-day period. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-six(More)