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Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are detected in all cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic. In vivo and in vitro studies have shown that various stressors transiently increase production of HSPs as protection against harmful insults. Increased levels of HSPs occur after environmental stresses, infection, normal physiological processes, and gene transfer. Although the(More)
OBJECTIVE T cells from the majority of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) express significantly lower levels of T cell receptor zeta chain, a critical signaling molecule. However, TCR/CD3 triggering of SLE T cells shows increased phosphorylation of downstream signaling intermediates and increased [Ca2+]i response, suggesting the presence of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study reviews the pertinent immunopathologic mechanisms that contribute to increased susceptibility to infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the spectrum of infections in patients with SLE. It assesses the impact on patient care, morbidity, and mortality. METHODS The authors performed an extensive search of the(More)
Two women with the rare association of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and myasthenia gravis (MG) are reported. The first patient developed SLE (arthritis, severe thymectomy for MG. The second patient developed SLE (oral ulcers, arthritis, serositis, leukopenia, high titres of anti-DNA and anti-nuclear antibodies) 4 years prior to the clinical and(More)
Antigens coated with split products of C3, the result of complement activation, are capable of crosslinking the complement receptor 2 (CR2, CD21) and the antigen receptor on the surface of B cells simultaneously. This dual recognition leads to increased cell proliferation and differentiation and enhanced antibody production. CR2 is also considered to be a(More)
This laboratory reported previously that overexpressed heat shock protein 70 kDa (HSP-70) inhibited the activation of its transcriptional factor, HSF1. We had conducted experiments to understand the mechanisms whereby HSP-70 down-regulated the activation of HSF1. Genetically overexpressed HSP-70 had no effects on the HSF1 level in cytosol, but significantly(More)
In an interview based, case control study of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) 168 cases and 137 controls were included. Patients and controls were interviewed with regard to a variety of socioeconomic, medical and dietary factors. During univariate analysis it was found that RA cases consumed significantly less olive oil and fish and adhered more rarely to the(More)
Occasional reports have appeared linking hereditary angioedema (HAE) with autoimmune diseases. We have systematically evaluated 157 patients for manifestations of autoimmunity. Nineteen of these patients (12%) had clinical immunoregulatory diseases including glomerulonephritis (five patients), Sjögren's syndrome (three), inflammatory bowel disease (three),(More)
Overexpression of heat shock protein 70 kDa alters the susceptibility of tumor cells to chemotherapeutic agents. We conducted experiments to study the regulation of expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in heat shock-treated T47-D cells, a human breast cancer cell line that expresses estrogen receptors. Cells exposed to heat shock at 44 degreesC(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multifactorial autoimmune disease characterized by diverse cellular and biochemical aberrations, including decreased production of IL-2. Here we show that nuclear extracts from unstimulated SLE T cells, unlike extracts from normal T cells, express increased amounts of phosphorylated cAMP-responsive element modulator(More)