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Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are detected in all cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic. In vivo and in vitro studies have shown that various stressors transiently increase production of HSPs as protection against harmful insults. Increased levels of HSPs occur after environmental stresses, infection, normal physiological processes, and gene transfer. Although the(More)
OBJECTIVE T cells from the majority of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) express significantly lower levels of T cell receptor zeta chain, a critical signaling molecule. However, TCR/CD3 triggering of SLE T cells shows increased phosphorylation of downstream signaling intermediates and increased [Ca2+]i response, suggesting the presence of(More)
This laboratory reported previously that overexpressed heat shock protein 70 kDa (HSP-70) inhibited the activation of its transcriptional factor, HSF1. We had conducted experiments to understand the mechanisms whereby HSP-70 down-regulated the activation of HSF1. Genetically overexpressed HSP-70 had no effects on the HSF1 level in cytosol, but significantly(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a polyclonal B cell activator, independent of helper T cells, which induces the generation of suppressor T cells in vivo and in vitro. Given the complexity of the immunologic abnormalities in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we used EBV as a tool to examine the following questions: a). Are SLE B cells primarily(More)
The IL-10 cytokine family has nine members, four of which are located in the IL10 cluster on chromosome 1q32. These cytokines are the immune regulatory cytokine IL-10 itself, and the IL-20 subfamily members IL-19, IL-20, and IL-24. IL-10 instructs innate and adaptive immune responses and limits pro-inflammatory responses in order to prevent tissue damage.(More)
In an interview based, case control study of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) 168 cases and 137 controls were included. Patients and controls were interviewed with regard to a variety of socioeconomic, medical and dietary factors. During univariate analysis it was found that RA cases consumed significantly less olive oil and fish and adhered more rarely to the(More)
Activation-induced cell death (AICD) plays an important role in the regulation of the immune response by eliminating preactivated and potentially autoreactive cells. To elucidate possible abnormalities of AICD in human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we studied AICD in activated T cells from patients with SLE and normal controls. CD3-mediated cell death(More)
Cellular immunity aberrations in patients with SLE are underscored by the abnormal early Ag receptor-mediated lymphocyte signal transduction pathway. To further characterize the T cell receptor (TCR)/CD3-initiated signaling defects, we studied 22 patients with SLE, 12 patients with other systemic rheumatic diseases, and 14 normal donors. The early (1 min)(More)
OBJECTIVE This study reviews the pertinent immunopathologic mechanisms that contribute to increased susceptibility to infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the spectrum of infections in patients with SLE. It assesses the impact on patient care, morbidity, and mortality. METHODS The authors performed an extensive search of the(More)