GA Rixt Zijlstra

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BACKGROUND the 16-item Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) has been shown to have excellent reliability and construct validity. However, for practical and clinical purposes, a shortened version of the FES-I would be useful. OBJECTIVE to develop and validate a shortened version of FES-I while preserving good psychometric properties. DESIGN initial(More)
PURPOSE To carry out a cross-cultural validation of the Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I), a 16-item modified version of the Falls Efficacy Scale that was developed to assess both easy and more complex physical and social activities, in a range of languages and different cultural contexts. METHOD Data were collected in Germany (n = 94), The(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the long-term effects of three strength and balance exercise interventions on physical performance, fall-related psychological outcomes, and falls in older people. DESIGN A single-blinded, four-group, randomized controlled trial. SETTING Community, Germany. PARTICIPANTS Community-dwelling adults aged 70 to 90 who had fallen in(More)
BACKGROUND Fear of falling is common in older people and associated with serious physical and psychosocial consequences. Exercise (planned, structured, repetitive and purposive physical activity aimed at improving physical fitness) may reduce fear of falling by improving strength, gait, balance and mood, and reducing the occurrence of falls. OBJECTIVES To(More)
BACKGROUND Fear of falling and avoidance of activity are common in old age and are suggested to be (public) health problems of equal importance to falls. Earlier studies of correlates of fear of falling and avoidance of activity did hardly differentiate between severe and mild levels of fear of falling and avoidance of activity which may be relevant from(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to assess the presence of feelings of anxiety and symptoms of depression among older persons who avoid activity for fear of falling and to assess whether feelings of anxiety and symptoms of depression are independently associated with the severity of fear of falling and fear-related activity(More)
BACKGROUND Functional decline is common in nursing home residents. Nursing staff can help prevent this decline, by encouraging residents to be more active in functional activities. Questionnaires measuring the extent to which nursing staff encourage functional activity among residents are lacking. In addition, there are no measurement instruments to gain(More)
Previous studies showed that older persons with vision loss generally reported low levels of health-related quality of life, although study outcomes with respect to feelings of anxiety and social support were inconsistent. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of low vision on health-related quality of life, including feelings of anxiety and(More)
Complex behavior change interventions need evidence regarding the effectiveness of individual components to understand how these interventions work. The objective of this study was to identify the least and most promising behavior change techniques (BCTs) within the Dutch intervention 'A Matter of Balance' (AMB-NL) aimed at concerns about falls in old age(More)
BACKGROUND Orientation and mobility (O&M) training is provided to people who are visually impaired to help them maintain travel independence. It teaches them new orientation and mobility skills to compensate for reduced visual information. OBJECTIVES The objective of this review was to assess the effects of (O&M) training, with or without associated(More)