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Abrupt increase in Greenland snow accumulation at the end of the Younger Dryas event
THE warming at the end of the last glaciation was characterized by a series of abrupt returns to glacial climate, the best-known of which is the Younger Dryas event1. Despite much study of the causesExpand
Arctic Environmental Change of the Last Four Centuries
A compilation of paleoclimate records from lake sediments, trees, glaciers, and marine sediments provides a view of circum-Arctic environmental variability over the last 400 years. From 1840 to theExpand
Mount Mazama eruption: Calendrical age verified and atmospheric impact assessed
Geochemical identification of Mount Mazama ash in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) ice core gives a calendrical age of 7627 ± 150 cal yr B.P. (5677 ± 150 B.C.) for the eruption, thusExpand
The Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 depth-age scale : Methods and results
The Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) depth-age scale is presented based on a multiparameter continuous count approach, to a depth of 2800 m, using a systematic combination of parameters thatExpand
Asian provenance of glacial dust (stage 2) in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 Ice Core
Samples of dust from the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) ice core, Summit, Greenland, dated within marine isotope stage 2 (between 23,340 and 26,180 calendar years B.P.) around the time of theExpand
Stratospheric loading and optical depth estimates of explosive volcanism over the last 2100 years derived from the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 ice core
The high-resolution and lengthy records of volcanic aerosol deposition in ice cores allow assessment of the atmospheric impact of different styles and magnitudes of past eruptions and the impact ofExpand
Use of paleo-records in determining variability within the volcanism climate system
Abstract Volcanic eruptions that inject large quantities of sulfur-rich gases into the stratosphere have the capability of cooling global climate by 0.2–0.3°C for several years after the eruption.Expand
Record of Volcanism Since 7000 B.C. from the GISP2 Greenland Ice Core and Implications for the Volcano-Climate System
TLDR
Sulfate concentrations from continuous biyearly sampling of the GISP2 Greenland ice core provide a record of potential climate-forcing volcanism since 7000 B.C. with sulfate deposition equal to or up to five times that of the largest known historical eruptions. Expand
Visual‐stratigraphic dating of the GISP2 ice core: Basis, reproducibility, and application
Annual layers are visible in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 ice core from central Greenland, allowing rapid dating of the core. Changes in bubble and grain structure caused by near-surface,Expand
Potential atmospheric impact of the Toba Mega‐Eruption ∼71,000 years ago
An {approx}6 year-long period of volcanic sulfate recorded in the GISP2 ice core about 71,000 {+-} 5000 years ago may provide detailed information on the atmospheric and climate impact in the TobaExpand
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