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Angiopoietin-2, a natural antagonist for Tie2 that disrupts in vivo angiogenesis.
TLDR
The discovery of a negative regulator acting on Tie2 emphasizes the need for exquisite regulation of this angiogenic receptor system. Expand
Identification of Ubiquitin Ligases Required for Skeletal Muscle Atrophy
TLDR
Two genes encode ubiquitin ligases that are potential drug targets for the treatment of muscle atrophy, and mice deficient in either MAFbx orMuRF1 were found to be resistant to atrophy. Expand
Akt/mTOR pathway is a crucial regulator of skeletal muscle hypertrophy and can prevent muscle atrophy in vivo
TLDR
It is concluded that the activation of the Akt/mTOR pathway and its downstream targets, p70S6K and PHAS-1/4E-BP1, is requisitely involved in regulating skeletal muscle fibre size, and that activation of this pathway can oppose muscle atrophy induced by disuse. Expand
Vascular-specific growth factors and blood vessel formation
TLDR
New findings in newly discovered vascular growth factors demand re-evaluation of therapeutic efforts aimed at regulating blood vessel growth in ischaemia, cancer and other pathological settings. Expand
The IGF-1/PI3K/Akt pathway prevents expression of muscle atrophy-induced ubiquitin ligases by inhibiting FOXO transcription factors.
TLDR
Akt is not only capable of activating prosynthetic pathways, as previously demonstrated, but is simultaneously and dominantly able to suppress catabolic pathways, allowing it to prevent glucocorticoid and denervation-induced muscle atrophy. Expand
Requisite Role of Angiopoietin-1, a Ligand for the TIE2 Receptor, during Embryonic Angiogenesis
TLDR
It is shown that mice engineered to lack Angiopoietin-1 display angiogenic deficits reminiscent of those previously seen in mice lacking TIE2, demonstrating that AngiopOietIn-1 is a primary physiologic ligand for TIE1 and that it has critical in vivo angiogenesis actions that are distinct from VEGF and that are not reflected in the classic in vitro assays used to characterize VEGf. Expand
Mediation of IGF-1-induced skeletal myotube hypertrophy by PI(3)K/Akt/mTOR and PI(3)K/Akt/GSK3 pathways
TLDR
It is shown that Akt promotes hypertrophy by activating downstream signalling pathways previously implicated in activating protein synthesis: the pathways downstream of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and the pathway activated by phosphorylating and thereby inhibiting glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3). Expand
SIRT4 Inhibits Glutamate Dehydrogenase and Opposes the Effects of Calorie Restriction in Pancreatic β Cells
TLDR
It is shown that SIRT4 functions in beta cell mitochondria to repress the activity of GDH by ADP-ribosylation, thereby downregulating insulin secretion in response to amino acids, effects that are alleviated during CR. Expand
Vessel cooption, regression, and growth in tumors mediated by angiopoietins and VEGF.
TLDR
Evidence is presented here that a subset of tumors instead initially grows by coopting existing host vessels and regresses, leading to a secondarily avascular tumor and massive tumor cell loss. Expand
Isolation of Angiopoietin-1, a Ligand for the TIE2 Receptor, by Secretion-Trap Expression Cloning
TLDR
The identification of a secreted ligand for TIE2, termed Angiopoietin-1, is reported using a novel expression cloning technique that involves intracellular trapping and detection of the ligand in COS cells. Expand
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