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Independent Optical Excitation of Distinct Neural Populations
Two channelrhodopsins, Chronos and Chrimson, are described, discovered through sequencing and physiological characterization of opsins from over 100 species of alga, that enable two-color activation of neural spiking and downstream synaptic transmission in independent neural populations without detectable cross-talk in mouse brain slice.
A Draft Sequence of the Rice Genome (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica)
A draft sequence of the rice genome for the most widely cultivated subspecies in China, Oryza sativa L. ssp.indica, by whole-genome shotgun sequencing is produced, with a large proportion of rice genes with no recognizable homologs due to a gradient in the GC content of rice coding sequences.
Evolution of genes and genomes on the Drosophila phylogeny
These genome sequences augment the formidable genetic tools that have made Drosophila melanogaster a pre-eminent model for animal genetics, and will further catalyse fundamental research on mechanisms of development, cell biology, genetics, disease, neurobiology, behaviour, physiology and evolution.
KaKs_Calculator: Calculating Ka and Ks Through Model Selection and Model Averaging
SOAPdenovo-Trans: de novo transcriptome assembly with short RNA-Seq reads
The conclusion is that SOAPdenovo-Trans provides higher contiguity, lower redundancy and faster execution, compared with two other popular transcriptome assemblers.
Sequence and comparative analysis of the chicken genome provide unique perspectives on vertebrate evolution
A draft genome sequence of the red jungle fowl, Gallus gallus, provides a new perspective on vertebrate genome evolution, while also improving the annotation of mammalian genomes.
The diploid genome sequence of an Asian individual
Genotyping analysis showed that SNP identification had high accuracy and consistency, indicating the high sequence quality of this assembly, and the potential usefulness of next-generation sequencing technologies for personal genomics.
The Genomes of Oryza sativa: A History of Duplications
A more inclusive new approach for analyzing duplication history is introduced here, which reveals an ancient whole-genome duplication, a recent segmental duplication on Chromosomes 11 and 12, and massive ongoing individual gene duplications.
A Draft Sequence for the Genome of the Domesticated Silkworm (Bombyx mori)
A draft sequence for the genome of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori), covering 90.9% of all known silkworm genes is reported, which exceeds the estimated gene count for Drosophila melanogaster.
A Draft Sequence of the Rice Genome (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica)
The genome of the japonica subspecies of rice, an important cereal and model monocot, was sequenced and assembled by whole-genome shotgun sequencing and suggests that the genome contains 32,000 to 50,000 genes.