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Early Holocene cultivation before domestication in northern Syria
Charred plant remains from the sites of Tell Qaramel, Jerf el Ahmar, Dja’de and Tell ‘Abr situated in northern Syria and dated to the tenth and ninth millennia cal b.c. demonstrate that a wide… Expand
The distribution, natural habitats and availability of wild cereals in relation to their domestication in the Near East: multiple events, multiple centres
- G. Willcox
- 25 August 2005
It is argued here that current models which try to explain the shift to farming have tended to over-emphasize the effect of the Younger Dryas climatic change, and provide evidence that different cereal species were domesticated independently in different areas. Expand
Measuring grain size and identifying Near Eastern cereal domestication: evidence from the Euphrates valley
- G. Willcox
- 1 February 2004
Cereal grains recovered from recent excavations at two early Neolithic tenth millennium (BP non cal.) sites on the Euphrates were measured. The results presented as scatter diagrams showed that there… Expand
Early agricultural pathways: moving outside the 'core area' hypothesis in Southwest Asia.
Evidence shows that origins began earlier than previously assumed, and included 'false starts' and dead ends that involved many more species than the typical eight founder crops associated with the core area. Expand
The origins of cultivation of Cicer arietinum L. and Vicia faba L.: early finds from Tell el-Kerkh, north-west Syria, late 10th millennium b.p.
The finds of C. arietinum and Vicia faba suggest that the use and domestication of these pulses is perhaps earlier than was previously supposed. Expand
How Fast Was Wild Wheat Domesticated?
Analysis of archaeological plant remains demonstrate that indehiscent domesticates were slow to appear, emerging ~9500 years before the present, and that dehiscent (shattering) forms were still common in cultivated fields ~7500 yearsbefore the present. Expand
Geographic distribution and domestication of wild emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccoides)
- H. Özkan, G. Willcox, A. Graner, F. Salamini, B. Kilian
- Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
It is suggested that modern domestic tetraploid wheats derived from wild emmer lines from southeast Turkey suggest that the understanding of emmer domestication is not complete and the “dispersed-specific” domestication model proposed for einkorn might well be appropriate also for emmer. Expand
Cultivation and domestication had multiple origins: arguments against the core area hypothesis for the origins of agriculture in the Near East
It is argued for numerous parallel processes of domestication across the region in the Early Holocene, with the ‘non-centric’ appearance of domesticates from the Near East similar to the emerging evidence from many other regions of the world where plants were domesticated. Expand
Large-scale cereal processing before domestication during the tenth millennium cal BC in northern Syria
At Jerf el Ahmar in northern Syria the authors have excavated a settlement where the occupants were harvesting and processing barley 1000 years in advance of its domestication. Rows of querns… Expand
Evolution of the Grain Dispersal System in Barley
It is concluded that spatially and temporally independent selections of germplasm with a non-brittle rachis were made during the domestication of barley by farmers in the southern and northern regions of the Levant, actions that made a major contribution to the emergence of early agrarian societies. Expand