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Early Holocene cultivation before domestication in northern Syria
Charred plant remains from the sites of Tell Qaramel, Jerf el Ahmar, Dja’de and Tell ‘Abr situated in northern Syria and dated to the tenth and ninth millennia cal b.c. demonstrate that a wide… Expand
The distribution, natural habitats and availability of wild cereals in relation to their domestication in the Near East: multiple events, multiple centres
- G. Willcox
- 25 August 2005
In this article we examine the natural habitats and distribution of the six wild cereals: Triticum urartu (wild urartu wheat), T. boeoticum aegilopoides (single-grained wild einkorn), T. boeoticum… Expand
Measuring grain size and identifying Near Eastern cereal domestication: evidence from the Euphrates valley
- G. Willcox
- 1 February 2004
Cereal grains recovered from recent excavations at two early Neolithic tenth millennium (BP non cal.) sites on the Euphrates were measured. The results presented as scatter diagrams showed that there… Expand
Geographic distribution and domestication of wild emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccoides)
- Hakan Özkan, G. Willcox, A. Graner, F. Salamini, B. Kilian
- Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
The transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture had revolutionary consequences for the development of human societies. Crops such as wheat, barley, lentil, pea and chickpea played a crucial… Expand
The origins of cultivation of Cicer arietinum L. and Vicia faba L.: early finds from Tell el-Kerkh, north-west Syria, late 10th millennium b.p.
Cicer arietinum L. (chickpea) and Vicia faba L. (faba bean, broad bean or horse bean) were found in late 10th millennium b.p. levels at Tell el-Kerkh, in north-west Syria. They are the earliest well… Expand
Early agricultural pathways: moving outside the 'core area' hypothesis in Southwest Asia.
The origins of agriculture in the Near East has been associated with a 'core area', located in south-eastern Turkey, in which all major crops were brought into domestication within the same local… Expand
How Fast Was Wild Wheat Domesticated?
Prehistoric cultivation of wild wheat in the Fertile Crescent led to the selection of mutants with indehiscent (nonshattering) ears, which evolved into modern domestic wheat. Previous estimates… Expand
Cultivation and domestication had multiple origins: arguments against the core area hypothesis for the origins of agriculture in the Near East
Abstract This paper debates claims that plant domestication occurred rapidly in a single restricted sub-section of the Near Eastern Fertile Crescent. Instead we argue for numerous parallel processes… Expand
Large-scale cereal processing before domestication during the tenth millennium cal BC in northern Syria
At Jerf el Ahmar in northern Syria the authors have excavated a settlement where the occupants were harvesting and processing barley 1000 years in advance of its domestication. Rows of querns… Expand
Late Pleistocene and early Holocene climate and the beginnings of cultivation in northern Syria
Climate change has been interpreted as a contributing factor to the emergence of agriculture in the Near East. We examine how climate change may have affected the availability of food plants and… Expand