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This work reviews major developments in the experimental literature concerning the way that various factors relate to the accuracy of eyewitness identification and problems with the literature are noted.
Improving eyewitness identifications from lineups: Simultaneous versus sequential lineup presentation.
Staged crime research has demonstrated the utility of controlling the conduct of lineups as a means of reducing false identifications with little or no apparent decline in the rate of correct…
Eyewitness Identification Procedures: Recommendations for Lineups and Photospreads
There is increasing evidence that false eyewitness identification is the primary cause of the conviction of innocent people. In 1996, the American Psychology/Law Society and Division 41 of the…
Applied eyewitness-testimony research: System variables and estimator variables.
- G. Wells
- 1 December 1978
"Good, you identified the suspect": Feedback to eyewitnesses distorts their reports of the witnessing experience.
People viewed a security video and tried to identify the gunman from a photospread. The actual gunman was not in the photospread and all eyewitnesses made false identifications (n = 352). Following…
Seventy-two tests of the sequential lineup superiority effect: A meta-analysis and policy discussion.
A decade ago, a meta-analysis showed that identification of a suspect from a sequential lineup versus a simultaneous lineup was more diagnostic of guilt (Steblay, Dysart, Fulero, & Lindsay, 2001).…
What Makes a Good Alibi? A Proposed Taxonomy
The believability of the alibis generally followed the taxonomy's predicted pattern, but physical evidence, when present, tended to overwhelm the person evidence more than had been expected.
The Psychology of Lineup Identifications1
- G. Wells
- 1 April 1984
A review is made of issues and data on eyewitness identifications, and a relative-judgment conceptualization is proposed. It is argued that eyewitnesses are prone to choose the lineup member who most…
The confidence-accuracy relationship in eyewitness identification: effects of lineup instructions, foil similarity, and target-absent base rates.
Investigating whether eyewitness confidence assists decisions under a variety of conditions using a confidence-accuracy (CA) calibration approach indicates that confidence assessments obtained immediately after a positive identification can provide a useful guide for investigators about the likely accuracy of an identification.
The Relationship Between Eyewitness Confidence and Identification Accuracy: A New Synthesis
Understanding the information value of eyewitness confidence under pristine testing conditions can help the criminal justice system to simultaneously achieve both of its main objectives: to exonerate the innocent and to convict the guilty.