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How to be a fig wasp.
- G. Weiblen
- BiologyAnnual review of entomology
This new synthesis of fig wasp research attempts to integrate recent contributions with the older literature and to promote research on diverse topics ranging from behavioral ecology to molecular evolution.
Low host specificity of herbivorous insects in a tropical forest
It is shown that most herbivorous species feed on several closely related plant species, suggesting that species-rich genera are dominant in tropical floras, and monophagous herbivores are probably rare in tropical forests.
Quantifying Uncertainty in Estimation of Tropical Arthropod Species Richness
Two models that account for parameter uncertainty by replacing point estimates with probability distributions are presented, suggesting that in spite of 250 years of taxonomy and around 855,000 species of arthropods already described, approximately 70% await description.
Untangling Multiple Factors in Spatial Distributions: Lilies, Gophers, and Rocks
It is hypothesized that seed germination is higher in less rocky areas of deeper, moister soil than in the rocky areas where most seeds land, but that seedlings seldom reach maturity unless they are in a rocky refuge from predation, and results from path analysis are consistent with this hypothesis.
Phylogenetic relationships of functionally dioecious FICUS (Moraceae) based on ribosomal DNA sequences and morphology.
- G. Weiblen
- BiologyAmerican journal of botany
- 1 September 2000
The associations of pollinating fig wasps were congruent with host fig phylogeny and further supported a revised classification of Ficus and suggested that functionally dioecious figs are not monophyletic and that monoecious subg.
Why Are There So Many Species of Herbivorous Insects in Tropical Rainforests?
Findings suggest that the latitudinal gradient in insect species richness could be a direct function of plant diversity, which increased sevenfold from the authors' temperate to tropical study sites.
Root Carbon Dioxide Fixation by Phosphorus-Deficient Lupinus albus (Contribution to Organic Acid Exudation by Proteoid Roots)
Evidence from labeling intact shoots or roots indicates that synthesis of citrate exuded by -P-treated roots is directly related to nonphotosynthetic C fixation in roots, thus increasing the P available to the plant.
The global distribution of diet breadth in insect herbivores
- M. Forister, V. Novotný, L. Dyer
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 29 December 2014
A global dataset is used to investigate host range for over 7,500 insect herbivore species covering a wide taxonomic breadth and interacting with more than 2,000 species of plants in 165 families to ask whether relatively specialized and generalized herbivores represent a dichotomy rather than a continuum from few to many host families and species attacked and whether diet breadth changes with increasing plant species richness toward the tropics.
An Extreme Case of Plant–Insect Codiversification: Figs and Fig-Pollinating Wasps
Biogeographic analyses indicate that the present-day distribution of fig and pollinator lineages is consistent with a Eurasian origin and subsequent dispersal, rather than with Gondwanan vicariance.
60 million years of co-divergence in the fig–wasp symbiosis
- N. Rønsted, G. Weiblen, J. Cook, N. Salamin, C. A. Machado, V. Savolainen
- BiologyProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 22 December 2005
Molecular dating of ten pairs of interacting lineages provides an unparalleled example of plant–insect co-divergence over a geological time frame spanning at least 60 million years.