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Pathogenic and opportunistic free-living amoebae: Acanthamoeba spp., Balamuthia mandrillaris, Naegleria fowleri, and Sappinia diploidea.
Among the many genera of free-living amoebae that exist in nature, members of only four genera have an association with human disease: Acanthamoeba spp., Balamuthia mandrillaris, Naegleria fowleriExpand
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Free-living amoebae as opportunistic and non-opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.
Knowledge that free-living amoebae are capable of causing human disease dates back some 50 years, prior to which time they were regarded as harmless soil organisms or, at most, commensals of mammals.Expand
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Multiplex Real-Time PCR Assay for Simultaneous Detection of Acanthamoeba spp., Balamuthia mandrillaris, and Naegleria fowleri
ABSTRACT Infections caused by Naegleria fowleri, Acanthamoeba spp., and Balamuthia mandrillaris occur throughout the world and pose many diagnostic challenges. To date, at least 440 cases of severeExpand
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Free‐living, Amphizoic and Opportunistic Amebas
Amebas belonging to the genera Naegleria, Acanthamoeba and Balamuthia are free‐living, amphizoic and opportunistic protozoa that are ubiquitous in nature. These amebas are found in soil, water andExpand
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Identification and Distribution of Acanthamoeba Species Genotypes Associated with Nonkeratitis Infections
ABSTRACT Acanthamoeba is a free-living protozoan genus found in a wide variety of natural habitats, including water, soil, and air. Pathogenic isolates of Acanthamoeba are medically relevant as theExpand
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Opportunistic amoebae: challenges in prophylaxis and treatment.
This review focuses on free-living amoebae, widely distributed in soil and water, causing opportunistic and non-opportunistic infections in humans: Acanthamoeba spp., Balamuthia mandrillaris,Expand
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Improved light-microscopical detection of microsporidia spores in stool and duodenal aspirates. The Enteric Opportunistic Infections Working Group.
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of infection with Enterocytozoon bieneusi, a microsporidian organism that causes chronic diarrhea in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hasExpand
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Naegleria and Acanthamoeba infections: review.
Infections caused by small, free-living amebas are still unfamiliar to many clinicians, pathologists, and laboratorians. As of 31 July 1989, more than 140 cases of primary amebic meningoencephalitisExpand
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National Outbreak of Acanthamoeba Keratitis Associated with Use of a Contact Lens Solution, United States
Premarket standardized testing for Acanthamoeba spp. is warranted.
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In‐Vitro Activity of Miltefosine and Voriconazole on Clinical Isolates of Free‐Living Amebas: Balamuthia mandrillaris, Acanthamoeba spp., and Naegleria fowleri
ABSTRACT. The anticancer agent miltefosine and the antifungal drug voriconazole were tested in vitro against Balamuthia mandrillaris, Acanthamoeba spp., and Naegleria fowleri. All three amebas areExpand
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