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INVITED REVIEW: Comparative organization of chloroplast, mitochondrial and nuclear diversity in plant populations
TLDR
A model‐based gross estimate suggests that, at the rangewide scale, historical levels of pollen flow are generally at least an order of magnitude larger than levels of seed flow and that pollen and seed gene flow vary independently across species.
Glacial Refugia: Hotspots But Not Melting Pots of Genetic Diversity
TLDR
European trees and shrubs studied had genetically divergent populations in Mediterranean regions, but the genetically most diverse populations were not located in the south but at intermediate latitudes, a likely consequence of the admixture of divergent lineages colonizing the continent from separate refugia.
A new scenario for the quaternary history of European beech populations: palaeobotanical evidence and genetic consequences.
TLDR
The largely complementary palaeobotanical and genetic data indicate that beech survived the last glacial period in multiple refuge areas and the modern genetic diversity was shaped over multiple glacial-interglacial cycles.
Imprints of glacial refugia in the modern genetic diversity of Pinus sylvestris
Aim  To understand the impact of glacial refugia and migration pathways on the modern genetic diversity of Pinus sylvestris. Location  The study was carried out throughout Europe.
NUCLEAR MICROSATELLITES REVEAL CONTRASTING PATTERNS OF GENETIC STRUCTURE BETWEEN WESTERN AND SOUTHEASTERN EUROPEAN POPULATIONS OF THE COMMON ASH (FRAXINUS EXCELSIOR L.)
TLDR
It is suggested that in southeastern Europe, restricted postglacial gene flow caused by a rapid expansion of refuge populations in a mountainous topography is responsible for the observed strong genetic structure.
A set of primers for the amplification of 20 chloroplast microsatellites in Pinaceae
TLDR
The forest tree speaes generally display very high level of genetic diversity and the possibility to screen highly polymorphic microsatellite regions also in the chloroplast genome, which shows lower mutation rates than the nuclear genome and is usually uniparentally inherited, might increase the knowledge about the biology of these organisms.
Chloroplast DNA variation and postglacial recolonization of common ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) in Europe
TLDR
Comparison of variation patterns at both marker systems revealed that nuclear microsatellites identified complex differentiation patterns in south‐eastern Europe which remained undetected with chloroplast microSatellites, suggesting that data from different markers should be combined in order to capture the most important genetic patterns in a species.
Distribution of genetic diversity in Pinus pinaster Ait. as revealed by chloroplast microsatellites
TLDR
The presence of refugia located in the South of Portugal, previously proposed for this species, may be excluded, and a different possible recolonization process of Maritime pine in the post-glacial period has been proposed.
Genome walking with consensus primers: application to the large single copy region of chloroplast DNA
TLDR
20 conserved cpDNA primer pairs that, in combination with 18 previously described ones, amplify overlapping fragments spanning the large single copy (LSC) region from Eudicots are designed.
A consensus list of microsatellite markers for olive genotyping
TLDR
Results of this study provide a list of recommended markers and protocols for olive genotyping as well as the allelic profile of a set of reference cultivars that would be useful for the establishment of a universal database of olive accessions.
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